Top Cited Articles of All Time (1997 edition) by gr-qc

The 100 most highly cited papers of All Time (1997 edition) cited by papers in the gr-qc archive

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2018-12-30. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 1997 editions

1997 reports for eprints

  1. 228 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U., DAMTP & Caltech). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF01608497, 10.1007/BF02345020

  2. 211 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    Wave Function of the Universe
    J.B. Hartle (Chicago U., EFI & Santa Barbara, KITP), S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U. & Santa Barbara, KITP). Jul 1983. 46 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D28 (1983) 2960-2975, Adv.Ser.Astrophys.Cosmol. 3 (1987) 174-189
    PRINT-83-0937 (CAMBRIDGE)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.28.2960

  3. 202 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  4. 172 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  5. 169 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  6. 141 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  7. 138 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  8. 127 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  9. 126 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  10. 119 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  11. 116 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  12. 111 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  13. 109 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  14. 103 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  15. 97 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  16. 96 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    The Quantum State of the Universe
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Nov 1983. 20 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B239 (1984) 257, Adv.Ser.Astrophys.Cosmol. 3 (1987) 236-255
    PRINT-84-0117 (CAMBRIDGE)
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(84)90093-2

  17. 95 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  18. 95 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  19. 91 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  20. 91 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  21. 88 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  22. 84 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  23. 81 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  24. 78 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  25. 76 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    Singular hypersurfaces and thin shells in general relativity
    W. Israel (Alberta U.). 1966.
    Published in Nuovo Cim. B44S10 (1966) 1, Nuovo Cim. B44 (1966) 1, Erratum: Nuovo Cim. B48 (1967) 463
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02712210, 10.1007/BF02710419

  26. 73 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  27. 73 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    The Origin of Structure in the Universe
    J.J. Halliwell, S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U. & Munich, Max Planck Inst.). Oct 1984. 48 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D31 (1985) 1777, Adv.Ser.Astrophys.Cosmol. 3 (1987) 277-291
    Print-85-0265 (CAMBRIDGE)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.31.1777

  28. 72 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  29. 71 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  30. 70 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  31. 66 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  32. 65 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  33. 64 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  34. 64 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    On the Quantum Structure of a Black Hole
    Gerard 't Hooft (Utrecht U.). Oct 1984. 19 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B256 (1985) 727-745
    Print-84-0924 (UTRECHT)
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(85)90418-3

  35. 64 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  36. 63 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  37. 62 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  38. 61 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  39. 61 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  40. 60 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    Extended Inflationary Cosmology
    Daile La, Paul J. Steinhardt (Pennsylvania U.). Jan 3, 1989. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 62 (1989) 376, Erratum: Phys.Rev.Lett. 62 (1989) 1066
    PRINT-89-0009 (PENN)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.62.1066, 10.1103/PhysRevLett.62.376

  41. 60 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  42. 60 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  43. 59 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  44. 59 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  45. 58 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  46. 58 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  47. 58 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  48. 58 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  49. 58 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    Structure in the COBE differential microwave radiometer first year maps
    COBE Collaboration (George F. Smoot et al.). Apr 1992. 19 pp.
    Published in Astrophys.J. 396 (1992) L1-L5
    PRINT-92-0148 (UC,BERKELEY)
    DOI: 10.1086/186504

  50. 57 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  51. 57 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  52. 56 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  53. 56 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    Cosmic Strings and Domain Walls
    Alexander Vilenkin (Tufts U.). Oct 1984. 104 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rept. 121 (1985) 263-315
    PRINT-84-0840 (TUFTS)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-1573(85)90033-X

  54. 56 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  55. 56 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  56. 55 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  57. 55 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  58. 55 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  59. 54 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  60. 54 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  61. 54 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  62. 54 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  63. 54 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  64. 54 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  65. 54 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  66. 54 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  67. 53 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  68. 53 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  69. 52 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  70. 52 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  71. 52 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  72. 52 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  73. 52 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  74. 52 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  75. 51 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  76. 51 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  77. 50 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  78. 50 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  79. 50 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  80. 50 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  81. 50 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    Logical Reformulation of Quantum Mechanics. 1. Foundations
    Roland Omnes (Orsay, LPT). Mar 1988. 60 pp.
    Published in J.Statist.Phys. 53 (1988) 893-932
    LPTHE-ORSAY-88-12-1, LPTHE-ORSAY-87-45
    DOI: 10.1007/BF01014230

  82. 50 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  83. 50 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  84. 50 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  85. 49 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    A New Type of Isotropic Cosmological Models Without Singularity
    Alexei A. Starobinsky (Cambridge U. & Landau Inst.). 1980. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B91 (1980) 99-102, Phys.Lett. 91B (1980) 99-102, Adv.Ser.Astrophys.Cosmol. 3 (1987) 130-133
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(80)90670-X

  86. 49 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  87. 48 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  88. 48 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  89. 48 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  90. 48 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  91. 48 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  92. 47 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  93. 47 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  94. 46 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  95. 45 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
    A Simple Proof of the Positive Energy Theorem
    Edward Witten (Princeton U.). Jan 1981. 37 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 80 (1981) 381
    Print-81-0057 (PRINCETON)
    DOI: 10.1007/BF01208277

  96. 45 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  97. 45 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  98. 45 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  99. 45 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997
  100. 45 citations by gr-qc eprints up to the end of 1997