Top Cited Articles of All Time (2003 edition) in hep-ex

The 100 most highly cited papers of All Time (2003 edition) in the hep-ex archive

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2018-12-30. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2003 editions

2003 reports for eprints

  1. 2388 citations up to the end of 2003
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  2. 1417 citations up to the end of 2003
    Observation of top quark production in $\bar{p}p$ collisions
    CDF Collaboration (F. Abe (KEK, Tsukuba) et al.). Mar 1995. 18 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 2626-2631
    FERMILAB-PUB-95-022-E, CDF-PUB-TOP-PUBLIC-3040, ANL-HEP-PR-95-44
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2626
    e-Print: hep-ex/9503002 | PDF

  3. 1356 citations up to the end of 2003
    Observation of the top quark
    D0 Collaboration (S. Abachi (Fermilab) et al.). Mar 1995. 12 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 2632-2637
    FERMILAB-PUB-95-028-E, D0-2698, D0-PUB-95-7
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2632
    e-Print: hep-ex/9503003 | PDF

  4. 950 citations up to the end of 2003
  5. 862 citations up to the end of 2003
  6. 733 citations up to the end of 2003
    Measurement of a small atmospheric muon-neutrino / electron-neutrino ratio
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Mar 1998. 14 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B433 (1998) 9-18
    ICRR-411-98-7, ICRR-REPORT-411-98-7, KEK-REPORT-97-258, SBHEP-98-1, NGTHEP-98-01, RCNS-98-04, TIT-HPE-98-01, UWSEA-98-01, OULNS-98-04
    DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(98)00476-6
    e-Print: hep-ex/9803006 | PDF

  7. 688 citations up to the end of 2003
    Study of the atmospheric neutrino flux in the multi-GeV energy range
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). May 1998. 14 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B436 (1998) 33-41
    ICRR-REPORT-418-98-14, UCI-98-6, CSUDH-HEP-98-03, KEK-PREPRINT-98-41, UMD-98-117, SBHEP-98-3, NGTHEP-98-03, OULNS-98-02, TKU-PAP-98-03, UWSEA-PUB-98-03, LSU-HEPA-3-98, SBHEP98-3, NGTHEP.-98-03, TIT-HPE-98-06
    DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(98)00876-4
    e-Print: hep-ex/9805006 | PDF

  8. 652 citations up to the end of 2003
  9. 623 citations up to the end of 2003
  10. 551 citations up to the end of 2003
    Measurements of the solar neutrino flux from Super-Kamiokande's first 300 days
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda et al.). May 1998. 7 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1158-1162, Erratum: Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 4279
    ICRR-417-98-13, ICRR-REPORT-417-98-13, UCI-98-4, CSUDH-HEP-98-02, KEK-PREPRINT-98-40, UMD-98-116, SBHEP-98-2, NGTHEP-98-02, OULNS-98-01, TKU-PAP-98-02, UWSEA-PUB-98-02, LSU-HEPA-2-98, SBHEP98-2, NGTHEP.98-02, TIT-HPE-98-05
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.4279, 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1158
    e-Print: hep-ex/9805021 | PDF

  11. 550 citations up to the end of 2003
    Measurement of the flux and zenith angle distribution of upward through going muons by Super-Kamiokande
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Dec 1998. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 82 (1999) 2644-2648
    ICRR-REPORT-440-98-36, BUHEP-98-29, KEK-PREPRINT-98-203, OULNS-98-06, UCI-98-15, UMD-PP-99-061, LSU-HEPA-7-98, SBHEP-98-7
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.2644
    e-Print: hep-ex/9812014 | PDF

  12. 524 citations up to the end of 2003
  13. 517 citations up to the end of 2003
  14. 516 citations up to the end of 2003
  15. 479 citations up to the end of 2003
  16. 465 citations up to the end of 2003
  17. 462 citations up to the end of 2003
  18. 459 citations up to the end of 2003
  19. 400 citations up to the end of 2003
    Constraints on neutrino oscillation parameters from the measurement of day night solar neutrino fluxes at Super-Kamiokande
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Dec 1998. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 82 (1999) 1810-1814
    ICRR-REPORT-441-98-37, NGTHEP-98-01, TIT-HPE-99-01, KEK-PREPRINT-98-218, UCI-99-01, SBHEP-98-8, LSU-HEPA-1-99
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.1810
    e-Print: hep-ex/9812009 | PDF

  20. 367 citations up to the end of 2003
    Observation of events at very high $Q^{2}$ in $e p$ collisions at HERA
    H1 Collaboration (C. Adloff et al.). Feb 1997. 30 pp.
    Published in Z.Phys. C74 (1997) 191-206
    DESY-97-024, DESY-97-24, DAPNIA-SPP-97-18
    DOI: 10.1007/s002880050383
    e-Print: hep-ex/9702012 | PDF

  21. 367 citations up to the end of 2003
  22. 367 citations up to the end of 2003
    Measurement of the solar neutrino energy spectrum using neutrino electron scattering
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Dec 1998. 12 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 82 (1999) 2430-2434
    ICRR-REPORT-442-98-38, NGTHEP-98-02, TIT-HPE-99-02, KEK-PREPRINT-98-219, UCI-99-03, SBHEP-98-9, LSU-HEPA-2-99
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.2430
    e-Print: hep-ex/9812011 | PDF

  23. 364 citations up to the end of 2003
  24. 363 citations up to the end of 2003
  25. 355 citations up to the end of 2003
  26. 353 citations up to the end of 2003
  27. 351 citations up to the end of 2003
    Observation of large CP violation in the neutral $B$ meson system
    Belle Collaboration (Kazuo Abe (KEK, Tsukuba) et al.). Jul 2001. 12 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 091802
    KEK-PREPRINT-2001-50, BELLE-PREPRINT-2001-10
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.091802
    e-Print: hep-ex/0107061 | PDF

  28. 345 citations up to the end of 2003
  29. 334 citations up to the end of 2003
  30. 326 citations up to the end of 2003
  31. 322 citations up to the end of 2003
  32. 313 citations up to the end of 2003
  33. 309 citations up to the end of 2003
  34. 286 citations up to the end of 2003
  35. 270 citations up to the end of 2003
  36. 260 citations up to the end of 2003
  37. 257 citations up to the end of 2003
  38. 257 citations up to the end of 2003
  39. 254 citations up to the end of 2003
  40. 251 citations up to the end of 2003
  41. 248 citations up to the end of 2003
  42. 248 citations up to the end of 2003
    Branching fraction and photon energy spectrum for $b \to s \gamma$
    CLEO Collaboration (S. Chen (Purdue U.) et al.). Aug 2001. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 251807
    CLNS-01-1751, CLEO-01-16
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.251807
    e-Print: hep-ex/0108032 | PDF

  43. 243 citations up to the end of 2003
  44. 238 citations up to the end of 2003
  45. 234 citations up to the end of 2003
  46. 234 citations up to the end of 2003
  47. 231 citations up to the end of 2003
  48. 229 citations up to the end of 2003
  49. 227 citations up to the end of 2003
  50. 225 citations up to the end of 2003
  51. 224 citations up to the end of 2003
  52. 221 citations up to the end of 2003
  53. 219 citations up to the end of 2003
  54. 215 citations up to the end of 2003
    The JHF-Kamioka neutrino project
    T2K Collaboration (Y. Itow (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jun 2001. 29 pp.
    KEK-REPORT-2001-4, ICRR-REPORT-477-2001-7, TRI-PP-01-05
    Prepared for Conference: C01-12-05.2, p.239-248 Proceedings
    e-Print: hep-ex/0106019 | PDF

  55. 214 citations up to the end of 2003
    Measurement of the $W$ boson mass
    CDF Collaboration (F. Abe (KEK, Tsukuba) et al.). Mar 1995. 13 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 11-16
    FERMILAB-PUB-95-035-E, ANL-HEP-PR-96-21, FERMILAB-PUB-95-035-E.
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.75.11
    e-Print: hep-ex/9503007 | PDF

  56. 214 citations up to the end of 2003
  57. 212 citations up to the end of 2003
  58. 212 citations up to the end of 2003
    Neutrino induced upward stopping muons in Super-Kamiokande
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Aug 1999. 15 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B467 (1999) 185-193
    OULNS-99-02, LSU-HEPA-6-99, UW-PT-99-15, KUNS-1591, ICRR-REPORT-455-99-13, ICRR-455-99-13, KEK-PREPRINT-99-75, BUHEP-99-16, SBHEP-99-4, UCI-99-11, CSUDH-HEP-99-05, TKU-PAP-99-02, TIT-HPE-99-11
    DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(99)01188-0
    e-Print: hep-ex/9908049 | PDF

  59. 203 citations up to the end of 2003
  60. 197 citations up to the end of 2003
  61. 197 citations up to the end of 2003
  62. 195 citations up to the end of 2003
  63. 194 citations up to the end of 2003
  64. 192 citations up to the end of 2003
    A Measurement of the branching fraction for the inclusive B ---> X(s) gamma decays with BELLE
    Belle Collaboration (Kazuo Abe (KEK, Tsukuba) et al.). Mar 2001. 13 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B511 (2001) 151-158
    KEK-PREPRINT-2001-3, BELLE-PREPRINT-2001-2
    DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(01)00626-8
    e-Print: hep-ex/0103042 | PDF

  65. 188 citations up to the end of 2003
  66. 188 citations up to the end of 2003
  67. 185 citations up to the end of 2003
    Evidence for the decay K+ ---> pi+ neutrino anti-neutrino
    E787 Collaboration (S. Adler (Brookhaven) et al.). Aug 1997. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 79 (1997) 2204-2207
    BNL-64631, KEK-PREPRINT-97-115, PRINCETON-HEP-97-12, TRI-PP-97-28, TRI--PP--97--28
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.79.2204
    e-Print: hep-ex/9708031 | PDF

  68. 184 citations up to the end of 2003
    Detection of accelerator produced neutrinos at a distance of 250-km
    K2K Collaboration (S.H. Ahn et al.). Feb 2001. 6 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B511 (2001) 178-184
    KEK-PREPRINT-2000-149, K2K-PREPRINT-2001-001, SBHEP-2001-01
    DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(01)00647-5
    e-Print: hep-ex/0103001 | PDF

  69. 183 citations up to the end of 2003
  70. 182 citations up to the end of 2003
  71. 182 citations up to the end of 2003
  72. 172 citations up to the end of 2003
  73. 172 citations up to the end of 2003
  74. 171 citations up to the end of 2003
  75. 170 citations up to the end of 2003
  76. 168 citations up to the end of 2003
  77. 168 citations up to the end of 2003
  78. 166 citations up to the end of 2003
    Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino results
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Toshiyuki Toshito (Kamioka Observ.) for the collaboration). May 2001. 8 pp.
    To appear in the proceedings of Conference: C01-03-10
    e-Print: hep-ex/0105023 | PDF

  79. 163 citations up to the end of 2003
    Measurement of the flux and zenith angle distribution of upward through going muons in Kamiokande II + III
    Kamiokande Collaboration (S. Hatakeyama (Tohoku U.) et al.). Jun 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 2016-2019
    ICRR-REPORT-421-98-17, KEK-PREPRINT-98-64, OULNS-98-04, RCNS-98-13, TIT-HPE-98-08, TKU-PAP-98-05
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.2016
    e-Print: hep-ex/9806038 | PDF

  80. 161 citations up to the end of 2003
  81. 160 citations up to the end of 2003
  82. 160 citations up to the end of 2003
    Searches for the neutral Higgs bosons of the MSSM: Preliminary combined results using LEP data collected at energies up to 209-GeV
    ALEPH and DELPHI and L3 and OPAL Collaborations and LEP Higgs Working Group. Jul 2001. 22 pp.
    LHWG-NOTE-2001-04, ALEPH-2001-057, DELPHI-2001-114, L3-NOTE-2700, OPAL-TN-699
    Submitted to International Europhysics Conference on High En Conference: C01-07-23.1, Submitted to International Europhysics Conference on High En Conference: C01-07-12 Proceedings
    e-Print: hep-ex/0107030 | PDF

  83. 159 citations up to the end of 2003
  84. 158 citations up to the end of 2003
  85. 158 citations up to the end of 2003
  86. 158 citations up to the end of 2003
  87. 158 citations up to the end of 2003
    Search for the standard model Higgs boson at LEP
    OPAL and ALEPH and DELPHI and L3 Collaborations and LEP Higgs Working Group for Higgs boson searches. Jul 2001. 27 pp.
    ALEPH-2001-066, DELPHI-2001-113, CERN-L3-NOTE-2699, OPAL-PN-479, LHWG-NOTE-2001-03
    Conference: C01-07-23.1, Conference: C01-07-12 Proceedings
    e-Print: hep-ex/0107029 | PDF

  88. 158 citations up to the end of 2003
    An Improved measurement of mixing induced CP violation in the neutral B meson system
    Belle Collaboration (Kazuo Abe (KEK, Tsukuba) et al.). Aug 2002. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D66 (2002) 071102
    KEK-PREPRINT-2002-86, BELLE-PREPRINT-2002-30
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.66.071102
    e-Print: hep-ex/0208025 | PDF

  89. 156 citations up to the end of 2003
  90. 153 citations up to the end of 2003
    Direct measurement of the top quark mass
    D0 Collaboration (S. Abachi et al.). Mar 1997. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 79 (1997) 1197-1202
    FERMILAB-PUB-97-059-E, FSU-SCRI-97-73
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.79.1197
    e-Print: hep-ex/9703008 | PDF

  91. 153 citations up to the end of 2003
  92. 153 citations up to the end of 2003
    The HERMES spectrometer
    HERMES Collaboration (K. Ackerstaff et al.). Jun 1998. 36 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Instrum.Meth. A417 (1998) 230-265
    DESY-98-057
    DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00769-4
    e-Print: hep-ex/9806008 | PDF

  93. 152 citations up to the end of 2003
  94. 152 citations up to the end of 2003
  95. 151 citations up to the end of 2003
    Measurement of the CP violation parameter $\sin 2 \phi_{1}$ in $B^0_{d}$ meson decays
    Belle Collaboration (A. Abashian et al.). Feb 2001. 13 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 2509-2514
    KEK-PREPRINT-2000-142, BELLE-PREPRINT-2001-1
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.2509
    e-Print: hep-ex/0102018 | PDF

  96. 150 citations up to the end of 2003
  97. 150 citations up to the end of 2003
    A Combination of preliminary electroweak measurements and constraints on the standard model
    ALEPH and DELPHI and L3 and OPAL Collaborations and LEP Electroweak Working Group and SLD Heavy Flavor and Electroweak Groups (D. Abbaneo et al.). Dec 2001. 151 pp.
    SLAC-PUB-9498, CERN-EP-2001-098, LEPEWWG-2001-02, ALEPH-2001-078-PHYS-2001-028, DELPHI-2001-131-PHYS-906, L3-NOTE-2723, OPAL-PR-350
    e-Print: hep-ex/0112021 | PDF

  98. 147 citations up to the end of 2003
  99. 146 citations up to the end of 2003
  100. 143 citations up to the end of 2003