Top Cited Articles of All Time (2004 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2004 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2018-12-30. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2004 editions

25166 core citations up to the end of 2004PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (M. Tanabashi (Nagoya U. & KMI, Nagoya) et al.). 2018. 1898 pp.
Published in Phys.Rev. D98 (2018) no.3, 030001
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.98.030001

  1. 6539 core citations up to the end of 2004
  2. 4819 core citations up to the end of 2004
  3. 3606 core citations up to the end of 2004
  4. 3519 core citations up to the end of 2004
  5. 3490 core citations up to the end of 2004
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961, 10.4310/ATMP.1998.v2.n2.a1
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  6. 3371 core citations up to the end of 2004
  7. 3078 core citations up to the end of 2004
  8. 3047 core citations up to the end of 2004
  9. 2994 core citations up to the end of 2004
  10. 2942 core citations up to the end of 2004
  11. 2838 core citations up to the end of 2004
  12. 2811 core citations up to the end of 2004
  13. 2691 core citations up to the end of 2004
  14. 2665 core citations up to the end of 2004
  15. 2651 core citations up to the end of 2004
  16. 2589 core citations up to the end of 2004
  17. 2513 core citations up to the end of 2004
  18. 2495 core citations up to the end of 2004
  19. 2486 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  20. 2436 core citations up to the end of 2004
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  21. 2411 core citations up to the end of 2004
  22. 2334 core citations up to the end of 2004
  23. 2334 core citations up to the end of 2004
  24. 2334 core citations up to the end of 2004
  25. 2329 core citations up to the end of 2004
  26. 2300 core citations up to the end of 2004
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  27. 2266 core citations up to the end of 2004
  28. 2263 core citations up to the end of 2004
  29. 2260 core citations up to the end of 2004
  30. 2196 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U., DAMTP & Caltech). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF01608497, 10.1007/BF02345020

  31. 2169 core citations up to the end of 2004
  32. 2146 core citations up to the end of 2004
  33. 2123 core citations up to the end of 2004
  34. 2121 core citations up to the end of 2004
  35. 1987 core citations up to the end of 2004
  36. 1964 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Resonance Amplification of Oscillations in Matter and Spectroscopy of Solar Neutrinos
    S.P. Mikheyev, A.Yu. Smirnov (Moscow, INR). 1986. 8 pp.
    Published in Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 42 (1985) 913-917, Yad.Fiz. 42 (1985) 1441-1448

  37. 1957 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B103 (1981) 207-210, Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  38. 1953 core citations up to the end of 2004
  39. 1938 core citations up to the end of 2004