Top Cited Articles of All Time (2013 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2013 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2013 editions

49265 core citations up to the end of 2013PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 9788 core citations up to the end of 2013
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  2. 8478 core citations up to the end of 2013
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  3. 7378 core citations up to the end of 2013
  4. 6565 core citations up to the end of 2013
  5. 6118 core citations up to the end of 2013
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  6. 5745 core citations up to the end of 2013
  7. 5255 core citations up to the end of 2013
  8. 5074 core citations up to the end of 2013
  9. 5070 core citations up to the end of 2013
  10. 4943 core citations up to the end of 2013
  11. 4933 core citations up to the end of 2013
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  12. 4732 core citations up to the end of 2013
  13. 4662 core citations up to the end of 2013
  14. 4466 core citations up to the end of 2013
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  15. 4337 core citations up to the end of 2013
  16. 4302 core citations up to the end of 2013
  17. 4258 core citations up to the end of 2013
  18. 4249 core citations up to the end of 2013
  19. 4196 core citations up to the end of 2013
  20. 4118 core citations up to the end of 2013
  21. 4019 core citations up to the end of 2013
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  22. 3950 core citations up to the end of 2013
  23. 3892 core citations up to the end of 2013
  24. 3816 core citations up to the end of 2013
  25. 3801 core citations up to the end of 2013
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  26. 3785 core citations up to the end of 2013
  27. 3662 core citations up to the end of 2013
  28. 3650 core citations up to the end of 2013
  29. 3647 core citations up to the end of 2013
  30. 3582 core citations up to the end of 2013
  31. 3526 core citations up to the end of 2013
  32. 3342 core citations up to the end of 2013
    Neutrino Mass and Spontaneous Parity Violation
    Rabindra N. Mohapatra (City Coll., N.Y.), Goran Senjanovic (Maryland U.). Nov 1979. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 44 (1980) 912
    MDDP-TR-80-060, MDDP-PP-80-105, CCNY-HEP-79-10
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.44.912

  33. 3326 core citations up to the end of 2013
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  34. 3262 core citations up to the end of 2013
  35. 3244 core citations up to the end of 2013
  36. 3228 core citations up to the end of 2013
  37. 3217 core citations up to the end of 2013
  38. 3214 core citations up to the end of 2013
  39. 3192 core citations up to the end of 2013