Top Cited Articles of All Time (2013 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2013 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2014-01-05. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2013 editions

45969 core citations up to the end of 2013PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics (RPP)
Particle Data Group Collaboration (J. Beringer (LBL, Berkeley) et al.). 2012. 1528 pp.
Published in Phys.Rev. D86 (2012) 010001
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.010001

  1. 9331 core citations up to the end of 2013
  2. 7551 core citations up to the end of 2013
  3. 6841 core citations up to the end of 2013
  4. 6285 core citations up to the end of 2013
  5. 5829 core citations up to the end of 2013
  6. 5531 core citations up to the end of 2013
  7. 4820 core citations up to the end of 2013
  8. 4754 core citations up to the end of 2013
  9. 4665 core citations up to the end of 2013
  10. 4600 core citations up to the end of 2013
  11. 4572 core citations up to the end of 2013
  12. 4431 core citations up to the end of 2013
  13. 4357 core citations up to the end of 2013
  14. 4169 core citations up to the end of 2013
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum-ibid. 46 (1976) 206-206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  15. 4115 core citations up to the end of 2013
  16. 4028 core citations up to the end of 2013
  17. 3966 core citations up to the end of 2013
  18. 3965 core citations up to the end of 2013
  19. 3955 core citations up to the end of 2013
  20. 3808 core citations up to the end of 2013
  21. 3755 core citations up to the end of 2013
  22. 3684 core citations up to the end of 2013
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  23. 3595 core citations up to the end of 2013
  24. 3579 core citations up to the end of 2013
  25. 3524 core citations up to the end of 2013
  26. 3456 core citations up to the end of 2013
  27. 3444 core citations up to the end of 2013
  28. 3410 core citations up to the end of 2013
  29. 3375 core citations up to the end of 2013
  30. 3358 core citations up to the end of 2013
  31. 3324 core citations up to the end of 2013
    GEANT4: A Simulation toolkit
    GEANT4 Collaboration (S. Agostinelli et al.). Aug 2002. 86 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Instrum.Meth. A506 (2003) 250-303
    SLAC-PUB-9350, FERMILAB-PUB-03-339
    DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

  32. 3192 core citations up to the end of 2013
  33. 3111 core citations up to the end of 2013
  34. 3092 core citations up to the end of 2013
  35. 3087 core citations up to the end of 2013
  36. 3029 core citations up to the end of 2013
  37. 3015 core citations up to the end of 2013
  38. 3010 core citations up to the end of 2013
  39. 2920 core citations up to the end of 2013