Top Cited Articles of All Time (2014 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2014 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2014 editions

52606 core citations up to the end of 2014PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 10541 core citations up to the end of 2014
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  2. 8801 core citations up to the end of 2014
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  3. 7686 core citations up to the end of 2014
  4. 7027 core citations up to the end of 2014
  5. 6438 core citations up to the end of 2014
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  6. 6140 core citations up to the end of 2014
  7. 6093 core citations up to the end of 2014
  8. 5548 core citations up to the end of 2014
  9. 5297 core citations up to the end of 2014
  10. 5221 core citations up to the end of 2014
  11. 5197 core citations up to the end of 2014
  12. 5185 core citations up to the end of 2014
  13. 5155 core citations up to the end of 2014
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  14. 4794 core citations up to the end of 2014
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  15. 4663 core citations up to the end of 2014
  16. 4576 core citations up to the end of 2014
  17. 4454 core citations up to the end of 2014
  18. 4449 core citations up to the end of 2014
  19. 4433 core citations up to the end of 2014
  20. 4400 core citations up to the end of 2014
  21. 4271 core citations up to the end of 2014
  22. 4255 core citations up to the end of 2014
  23. 4188 core citations up to the end of 2014
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  24. 4186 core citations up to the end of 2014
  25. 4156 core citations up to the end of 2014
  26. 4094 core citations up to the end of 2014
  27. 4046 core citations up to the end of 2014
  28. 3933 core citations up to the end of 2014
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  29. 3808 core citations up to the end of 2014
  30. 3785 core citations up to the end of 2014
  31. 3771 core citations up to the end of 2014
  32. 3696 core citations up to the end of 2014
  33. 3664 core citations up to the end of 2014
  34. 3587 core citations up to the end of 2014
    Neutrino Mass and Spontaneous Parity Violation
    Rabindra N. Mohapatra (City Coll., N.Y.), Goran Senjanovic (Maryland U.). Nov 1979. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 44 (1980) 912
    MDDP-TR-80-060, MDDP-PP-80-105, CCNY-HEP-79-10
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.44.912

  35. 3585 core citations up to the end of 2014
  36. 3420 core citations up to the end of 2014
  37. 3411 core citations up to the end of 2014
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  38. 3411 core citations up to the end of 2014
  39. 3380 core citations up to the end of 2014