Top Cited Articles of All Time (2015 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2015 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2015 editions

56276 core citations up to the end of 2015PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 11330 core citations up to the end of 2015
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  2. 9099 core citations up to the end of 2015
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  3. 7986 core citations up to the end of 2015
  4. 7490 core citations up to the end of 2015
  5. 7164 core citations up to the end of 2015
  6. 6807 core citations up to the end of 2015
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  7. 6522 core citations up to the end of 2015
  8. 5805 core citations up to the end of 2015
  9. 5742 core citations up to the end of 2015
  10. 5686 core citations up to the end of 2015
  11. 5682 core citations up to the end of 2015
  12. 5624 core citations up to the end of 2015
  13. 5510 core citations up to the end of 2015
  14. 5489 core citations up to the end of 2015
  15. 5430 core citations up to the end of 2015
  16. 5397 core citations up to the end of 2015
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  17. 5175 core citations up to the end of 2015
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  18. 5003 core citations up to the end of 2015
  19. 4694 core citations up to the end of 2015
  20. 4661 core citations up to the end of 2015
  21. 4600 core citations up to the end of 2015
  22. 4561 core citations up to the end of 2015
  23. 4553 core citations up to the end of 2015
  24. 4414 core citations up to the end of 2015
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  25. 4370 core citations up to the end of 2015
  26. 4333 core citations up to the end of 2015
  27. 4329 core citations up to the end of 2015
  28. 4207 core citations up to the end of 2015
  29. 4080 core citations up to the end of 2015
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  30. 3941 core citations up to the end of 2015
  31. 3925 core citations up to the end of 2015
  32. 3918 core citations up to the end of 2015
  33. 3874 core citations up to the end of 2015
    Neutrino Mass and Spontaneous Parity Violation
    Rabindra N. Mohapatra (City Coll., N.Y.), Goran Senjanovic (Maryland U.). Nov 1979. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 44 (1980) 912
    MDDP-TR-80-060, MDDP-PP-80-105, CCNY-HEP-79-10
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.44.912

  34. 3842 core citations up to the end of 2015
  35. 3823 core citations up to the end of 2015
  36. 3627 core citations up to the end of 2015
  37. 3585 core citations up to the end of 2015
  38. 3535 core citations up to the end of 2015
  39. 3533 core citations up to the end of 2015