Top Cited Articles of All Time (1989 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (1989 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 1989 editions

4078 core citations up to the end of 1989PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 4123 core citations up to the end of 1989
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 2418 core citations up to the end of 1989
  3. 1994 core citations up to the end of 1989
  4. 1830 core citations up to the end of 1989
  5. 1766 core citations up to the end of 1989
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  6. 1717 core citations up to the end of 1989
  7. 1338 core citations up to the end of 1989
  8. 1260 core citations up to the end of 1989
  9. 1260 core citations up to the end of 1989
  10. 1254 core citations up to the end of 1989
    Hadron Masses in a Gauge Theory
    A. De Rujula, Howard Georgi, S.L. Glashow (Harvard U.). Mar 1975. 48 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D12 (1975) 147-162
    PRINT-75-0182 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.12.147

  11. 1249 core citations up to the end of 1989
  12. 1240 core citations up to the end of 1989
  13. 1205 core citations up to the end of 1989
  14. 1159 core citations up to the end of 1989
  15. 1118 core citations up to the end of 1989
  16. 1112 core citations up to the end of 1989
  17. 1077 core citations up to the end of 1989
  18. 1064 core citations up to the end of 1989
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  19. 1058 core citations up to the end of 1989
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  20. 1054 core citations up to the end of 1989
    Experimental Observation of a Heavy Particle J
    E598 Collaboration (J.J. Aubert (MIT, LNS) et al.). 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 33 (1974) 1404-1406
    COO-3069-271
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.1404

  21. 1035 core citations up to the end of 1989
  22. 1000 core citations up to the end of 1989
  23. 997 core citations up to the end of 1989
  24. 996 core citations up to the end of 1989
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  25. 995 core citations up to the end of 1989
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  26. 968 core citations up to the end of 1989
  27. 945 core citations up to the end of 1989
    Hierarchy of Interactions in Unified Gauge Theories
    H. Georgi, Helen R. Quinn, Steven Weinberg (Harvard U.). Aug 1974. 12 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 33 (1974) 451-454
    Print-74-1122 Rev. (HARVARD), PRINT-74-1122 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.451

  28. 944 core citations up to the end of 1989
  29. 942 core citations up to the end of 1989
  30. 940 core citations up to the end of 1989
  31. 939 core citations up to the end of 1989
    Weak and Electromagnetic Interactions
    Abdus Salam (Imperial Coll., London & ICTP, Trieste). May 1968. 11 pp.
    Published in Conf.Proc. C680519 (1968) 367-377
    Conference: C68-05-19

  32. 936 core citations up to the end of 1989
  33. 933 core citations up to the end of 1989
  34. 928 core citations up to the end of 1989
    Super Collider Physics
    E. Eichten (Fermilab), I. Hinchliffe (LBL, Berkeley), Kenneth D. Lane (Ohio State U.), C. Quigg (Fermilab). Feb 1984. 550 pp.
    Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 56 (1984) 579-707, Addendum: Rev.Mod.Phys. 58 (1986) 1065-1073
    FERMILAB-PUB-84-017-T, LBL-16875, DOE-ER-01545-345
    DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.58.1065, 10.1103/RevModPhys.56.579

  35. 919 core citations up to the end of 1989
  36. 913 core citations up to the end of 1989
    The Heterotic String
    David J. Gross, Jeffrey A. Harvey, Emil J. Martinec, Ryan Rohm (Princeton U.). Nov 1984. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 54 (1985) 502-505
    PRINT-85-0029 (PRINCETON)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.54.502

  37. 860 core citations up to the end of 1989
  38. 854 core citations up to the end of 1989
  39. 840 core citations up to the end of 1989