Top Cited Articles of All Time (1990 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (1990 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 1990 editions

4749 core citations up to the end of 1990PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 4329 core citations up to the end of 1990
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 2508 core citations up to the end of 1990
  3. 2159 core citations up to the end of 1990
  4. 1875 core citations up to the end of 1990
  5. 1869 core citations up to the end of 1990
  6. 1810 core citations up to the end of 1990
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  7. 1401 core citations up to the end of 1990
  8. 1354 core citations up to the end of 1990
  9. 1323 core citations up to the end of 1990
  10. 1314 core citations up to the end of 1990
    Hadron Masses in a Gauge Theory
    A. De Rujula, Howard Georgi, S.L. Glashow (Harvard U.). Mar 1975. 48 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D12 (1975) 147-162
    PRINT-75-0182 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.12.147

  11. 1310 core citations up to the end of 1990
  12. 1303 core citations up to the end of 1990
  13. 1290 core citations up to the end of 1990
  14. 1259 core citations up to the end of 1990
  15. 1189 core citations up to the end of 1990
  16. 1163 core citations up to the end of 1990
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  17. 1152 core citations up to the end of 1990
  18. 1123 core citations up to the end of 1990
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  19. 1123 core citations up to the end of 1990
  20. 1106 core citations up to the end of 1990
    Super Collider Physics
    E. Eichten (Fermilab), I. Hinchliffe (LBL, Berkeley), Kenneth D. Lane (Ohio State U.), C. Quigg (Fermilab). Feb 1984. 550 pp.
    Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 56 (1984) 579-707, Addendum: Rev.Mod.Phys. 58 (1986) 1065-1073
    FERMILAB-PUB-84-017-T, LBL-16875, DOE-ER-01545-345
    DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.58.1065, 10.1103/RevModPhys.56.579

  21. 1095 core citations up to the end of 1990
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  22. 1088 core citations up to the end of 1990
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  23. 1082 core citations up to the end of 1990
  24. 1075 core citations up to the end of 1990
    Experimental Observation of a Heavy Particle J
    E598 Collaboration (J.J. Aubert (MIT, LNS) et al.). 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 33 (1974) 1404-1406
    COO-3069-271
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.1404

  25. 1074 core citations up to the end of 1990
  26. 1056 core citations up to the end of 1990
  27. 1051 core citations up to the end of 1990
  28. 1043 core citations up to the end of 1990
  29. 1018 core citations up to the end of 1990
  30. 1007 core citations up to the end of 1990
  31. 986 core citations up to the end of 1990
  32. 985 core citations up to the end of 1990
    Weak and Electromagnetic Interactions
    Abdus Salam (Imperial Coll., London & ICTP, Trieste). May 1968. 11 pp.
    Published in Conf.Proc. C680519 (1968) 367-377
    Conference: C68-05-19

  33. 981 core citations up to the end of 1990
    The Heterotic String
    David J. Gross, Jeffrey A. Harvey, Emil J. Martinec, Ryan Rohm (Princeton U.). Nov 1984. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 54 (1985) 502-505
    PRINT-85-0029 (PRINCETON)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.54.502

  34. 976 core citations up to the end of 1990
  35. 973 core citations up to the end of 1990
  36. 962 core citations up to the end of 1990
    Hierarchy of Interactions in Unified Gauge Theories
    H. Georgi, Helen R. Quinn, Steven Weinberg (Harvard U.). Aug 1974. 12 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 33 (1974) 451-454
    Print-74-1122 Rev. (HARVARD), PRINT-74-1122 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.451

  37. 956 core citations up to the end of 1990
  38. 919 core citations up to the end of 1990
    Global Aspects of Current Algebra
    Edward Witten (Princeton U.). Mar 1983. 11 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B223 (1983) 422-432
    PRINT-83-0262 (PRINCETON)
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(83)90063-9

  39. 916 core citations up to the end of 1990