Top Cited Articles of All Time (1991 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (1991 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 1991 editions

5543 core citations up to the end of 1991PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 4482 core citations up to the end of 1991
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 2577 core citations up to the end of 1991
  3. 2305 core citations up to the end of 1991
  4. 1996 core citations up to the end of 1991
  5. 1921 core citations up to the end of 1991
  6. 1861 core citations up to the end of 1991
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  7. 1488 core citations up to the end of 1991
  8. 1435 core citations up to the end of 1991
  9. 1381 core citations up to the end of 1991
  10. 1364 core citations up to the end of 1991
  11. 1356 core citations up to the end of 1991
    Hadron Masses in a Gauge Theory
    A. De Rujula, Howard Georgi, S.L. Glashow (Harvard U.). Mar 1975. 48 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D12 (1975) 147-162
    PRINT-75-0182 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.12.147

  12. 1332 core citations up to the end of 1991
  13. 1331 core citations up to the end of 1991
  14. 1318 core citations up to the end of 1991
  15. 1292 core citations up to the end of 1991
  16. 1268 core citations up to the end of 1991
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  17. 1265 core citations up to the end of 1991
    Super Collider Physics
    E. Eichten (Fermilab), I. Hinchliffe (LBL, Berkeley), Kenneth D. Lane (Ohio State U.), C. Quigg (Fermilab). Feb 1984. 550 pp.
    Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 56 (1984) 579-707, Addendum: Rev.Mod.Phys. 58 (1986) 1065-1073
    FERMILAB-PUB-84-017-T, LBL-16875, DOE-ER-01545-345
    DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.58.1065, 10.1103/RevModPhys.56.579

  18. 1242 core citations up to the end of 1991
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  19. 1201 core citations up to the end of 1991
  20. 1186 core citations up to the end of 1991
  21. 1175 core citations up to the end of 1991
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  22. 1175 core citations up to the end of 1991
  23. 1165 core citations up to the end of 1991
  24. 1128 core citations up to the end of 1991
  25. 1122 core citations up to the end of 1991
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  26. 1121 core citations up to the end of 1991
  27. 1113 core citations up to the end of 1991
  28. 1107 core citations up to the end of 1991
  29. 1092 core citations up to the end of 1991
    Experimental Observation of a Heavy Particle J
    E598 Collaboration (J.J. Aubert (MIT, LNS) et al.). 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 33 (1974) 1404-1406
    COO-3069-271
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.1404

  30. 1089 core citations up to the end of 1991
  31. 1033 core citations up to the end of 1991
    The Heterotic String
    David J. Gross, Jeffrey A. Harvey, Emil J. Martinec, Ryan Rohm (Princeton U.). Nov 1984. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 54 (1985) 502-505
    PRINT-85-0029 (PRINCETON)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.54.502

  32. 1032 core citations up to the end of 1991
    Weak and Electromagnetic Interactions
    Abdus Salam (Imperial Coll., London & ICTP, Trieste). May 1968. 11 pp.
    Published in Conf.Proc. C680519 (1968) 367-377
    Conference: C68-05-19

  33. 1022 core citations up to the end of 1991
  34. 1012 core citations up to the end of 1991
  35. 1004 core citations up to the end of 1991
  36. 993 core citations up to the end of 1991
    Hierarchy of Interactions in Unified Gauge Theories
    H. Georgi, Helen R. Quinn, Steven Weinberg (Harvard U.). Aug 1974. 12 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 33 (1974) 451-454
    Print-74-1122 Rev. (HARVARD), PRINT-74-1122 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.451

  37. 989 core citations up to the end of 1991
    Global Aspects of Current Algebra
    Edward Witten (Princeton U.). Mar 1983. 11 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B223 (1983) 422-432
    PRINT-83-0262 (PRINCETON)
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(83)90063-9

  38. 975 core citations up to the end of 1991
  39. 972 core citations up to the end of 1991