Top Cited Articles of All Time (1993 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (1993 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 1993 editions

7267 core citations up to the end of 1993PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 4803 core citations up to the end of 1993
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 2736 core citations up to the end of 1993
  3. 2569 core citations up to the end of 1993
  4. 2245 core citations up to the end of 1993
  5. 2064 core citations up to the end of 1993
  6. 2000 core citations up to the end of 1993
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  7. 1643 core citations up to the end of 1993
  8. 1594 core citations up to the end of 1993
  9. 1550 core citations up to the end of 1993
  10. 1548 core citations up to the end of 1993
  11. 1534 core citations up to the end of 1993
  12. 1503 core citations up to the end of 1993
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  13. 1468 core citations up to the end of 1993
  14. 1453 core citations up to the end of 1993
    Hadron Masses in a Gauge Theory
    A. De Rujula, Howard Georgi, S.L. Glashow (Harvard U.). Mar 1975. 48 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D12 (1975) 147-162
    PRINT-75-0182 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.12.147

  15. 1451 core citations up to the end of 1993
  16. 1451 core citations up to the end of 1993
    Super Collider Physics
    E. Eichten (Fermilab), I. Hinchliffe (LBL, Berkeley), Kenneth D. Lane (Ohio State U.), C. Quigg (Fermilab). Feb 1984. 550 pp.
    Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 56 (1984) 579-707, Addendum: Rev.Mod.Phys. 58 (1986) 1065-1073
    FERMILAB-PUB-84-017-T, LBL-16875, DOE-ER-01545-345
    DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.58.1065, 10.1103/RevModPhys.56.579

  17. 1424 core citations up to the end of 1993
  18. 1423 core citations up to the end of 1993
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  19. 1421 core citations up to the end of 1993
  20. 1405 core citations up to the end of 1993
  21. 1378 core citations up to the end of 1993
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  22. 1305 core citations up to the end of 1993
  23. 1277 core citations up to the end of 1993
  24. 1266 core citations up to the end of 1993
  25. 1252 core citations up to the end of 1993
  26. 1229 core citations up to the end of 1993
  27. 1198 core citations up to the end of 1993
  28. 1184 core citations up to the end of 1993
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  29. 1181 core citations up to the end of 1993
  30. 1149 core citations up to the end of 1993
    Global Aspects of Current Algebra
    Edward Witten (Princeton U.). Mar 1983. 11 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B223 (1983) 422-432
    PRINT-83-0262 (PRINCETON)
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(83)90063-9

  31. 1127 core citations up to the end of 1993
    Experimental Observation of a Heavy Particle J
    E598 Collaboration (J.J. Aubert (MIT, LNS) et al.). 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 33 (1974) 1404-1406
    COO-3069-271
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.1404

  32. 1123 core citations up to the end of 1993
  33. 1123 core citations up to the end of 1993
    Weak and Electromagnetic Interactions
    Abdus Salam (Imperial Coll., London & ICTP, Trieste). May 1968. 11 pp.
    Published in Conf.Proc. C680519 (1968) 367-377
    Conference: C68-05-19

  34. 1097 core citations up to the end of 1993
  35. 1096 core citations up to the end of 1993
  36. 1094 core citations up to the end of 1993
  37. 1091 core citations up to the end of 1993
  38. 1075 core citations up to the end of 1993
  39. 1075 core citations up to the end of 1993
    The Heterotic String
    David J. Gross, Jeffrey A. Harvey, Emil J. Martinec, Ryan Rohm (Princeton U.). Nov 1984. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 54 (1985) 502-505
    PRINT-85-0029 (PRINCETON)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.54.502