Top Cited Articles of All Time (1997 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (1997 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 1997 editions

12344 core citations up to the end of 1997PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 5397 core citations up to the end of 1997
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 3163 core citations up to the end of 1997
  3. 3000 core citations up to the end of 1997
  4. 2720 core citations up to the end of 1997
  5. 2313 core citations up to the end of 1997
  6. 2308 core citations up to the end of 1997
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  7. 2215 core citations up to the end of 1997
  8. 2145 core citations up to the end of 1997
  9. 1997 core citations up to the end of 1997
  10. 1976 core citations up to the end of 1997
  11. 1971 core citations up to the end of 1997
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  12. 1861 core citations up to the end of 1997
  13. 1848 core citations up to the end of 1997
  14. 1765 core citations up to the end of 1997
  15. 1763 core citations up to the end of 1997
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  16. 1760 core citations up to the end of 1997
  17. 1729 core citations up to the end of 1997
  18. 1692 core citations up to the end of 1997
    Super Collider Physics
    E. Eichten (Fermilab), I. Hinchliffe (LBL, Berkeley), Kenneth D. Lane (Ohio State U.), C. Quigg (Fermilab). Feb 1984. 550 pp.
    Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 56 (1984) 579-707, Addendum: Rev.Mod.Phys. 58 (1986) 1065-1073
    FERMILAB-PUB-84-017-T, LBL-16875, DOE-ER-01545-345
    DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.58.1065, 10.1103/RevModPhys.56.579

  19. 1661 core citations up to the end of 1997
  20. 1650 core citations up to the end of 1997
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  21. 1647 core citations up to the end of 1997
  22. 1643 core citations up to the end of 1997
  23. 1638 core citations up to the end of 1997
  24. 1608 core citations up to the end of 1997
    Hadron Masses in a Gauge Theory
    A. De Rujula, Howard Georgi, S.L. Glashow (Harvard U.). Mar 1975. 48 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D12 (1975) 147-162
    PRINT-75-0182 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.12.147

  25. 1569 core citations up to the end of 1997
  26. 1521 core citations up to the end of 1997
  27. 1508 core citations up to the end of 1997
  28. 1493 core citations up to the end of 1997
  29. 1463 core citations up to the end of 1997
  30. 1422 core citations up to the end of 1997
  31. 1394 core citations up to the end of 1997
  32. 1390 core citations up to the end of 1997
  33. 1387 core citations up to the end of 1997
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  34. 1362 core citations up to the end of 1997
    Global Aspects of Current Algebra
    Edward Witten (Princeton U.). Mar 1983. 11 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B223 (1983) 422-432
    PRINT-83-0262 (PRINCETON)
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(83)90063-9

  35. 1351 core citations up to the end of 1997
    Quark Masses
    J. Gasser, H. Leutwyler (Bern U.). Mar 1982. 189 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rept. 87 (1982) 77-169
    BUTP-6-1982-BERN
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-1573(82)90035-7

  36. 1343 core citations up to the end of 1997
  37. 1339 core citations up to the end of 1997
  38. 1314 core citations up to the end of 1997
  39. 1302 core citations up to the end of 1997