Top Cited Articles of All Time (1999 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (1999 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2014-01-05. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 1999 editions

14782 core citations up to the end of 1999PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics (RPP)
Particle Data Group Collaboration (J. Beringer (LBL, Berkeley) et al.). 2012. 1528 pp.
Published in Phys.Rev. D86 (2012) 010001
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.010001

  1. 5267 core citations up to the end of 1999
  2. 3390 core citations up to the end of 1999
  3. 2948 core citations up to the end of 1999
  4. 2725 core citations up to the end of 1999
  5. 2439 core citations up to the end of 1999
  6. 2348 core citations up to the end of 1999
  7. 2322 core citations up to the end of 1999
  8. 2263 core citations up to the end of 1999
  9. 2123 core citations up to the end of 1999
  10. 2073 core citations up to the end of 1999
  11. 2073 core citations up to the end of 1999
  12. 2059 core citations up to the end of 1999
  13. 2038 core citations up to the end of 1999
  14. 1870 core citations up to the end of 1999
  15. 1835 core citations up to the end of 1999
  16. 1827 core citations up to the end of 1999
  17. 1749 core citations up to the end of 1999
  18. 1702 core citations up to the end of 1999
  19. 1696 core citations up to the end of 1999
  20. 1672 core citations up to the end of 1999
  21. 1669 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Super Collider Physics
    E. Eichten (Fermilab), I. Hinchliffe (LBL, Berkeley), Kenneth D. Lane (Ohio State U.), C. Quigg (Fermilab). Feb 1984. 550 pp.
    Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 56 (1984) 579-707, Addendum-ibid. 58 (1986) 1065-1073
    FERMILAB-PUB-84-017-T, LBL-16875, DOE-ER-01545-345
    DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.56.579

  22. 1663 core citations up to the end of 1999
  23. 1642 core citations up to the end of 1999
  24. 1641 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B103 (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  25. 1629 core citations up to the end of 1999
  26. 1608 core citations up to the end of 1999
  27. 1583 core citations up to the end of 1999
  28. 1571 core citations up to the end of 1999
  29. 1545 core citations up to the end of 1999
  30. 1538 core citations up to the end of 1999
  31. 1501 core citations up to the end of 1999
  32. 1452 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 13 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  33. 1430 core citations up to the end of 1999
  34. 1384 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Quark Masses
    J. Gasser, H. Leutwyler (Bern U.). Mar 1982. 189 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rept. 87 (1982) 77-169
    BUTP-6-1982-BERN
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-1573(82)90035-7

  35. 1383 core citations up to the end of 1999
  36. 1375 core citations up to the end of 1999
  37. 1369 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum-ibid. 46 (1976) 206-206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  38. 1362 core citations up to the end of 1999
  39. 1345 core citations up to the end of 1999