Top Cited Articles of All Time (1999 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (1999 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 1999 editions

15462 core citations up to the end of 1999PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 5673 core citations up to the end of 1999
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 3542 core citations up to the end of 1999
  3. 3123 core citations up to the end of 1999
  4. 2923 core citations up to the end of 1999
  5. 2551 core citations up to the end of 1999
  6. 2473 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  7. 2424 core citations up to the end of 1999
  8. 2424 core citations up to the end of 1999
  9. 2249 core citations up to the end of 1999
  10. 2171 core citations up to the end of 1999
  11. 2169 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  12. 2136 core citations up to the end of 1999
  13. 2134 core citations up to the end of 1999
  14. 1993 core citations up to the end of 1999
  15. 1954 core citations up to the end of 1999
  16. 1934 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  17. 1850 core citations up to the end of 1999
  18. 1821 core citations up to the end of 1999
  19. 1767 core citations up to the end of 1999
  20. 1764 core citations up to the end of 1999
  21. 1753 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Super Collider Physics
    E. Eichten (Fermilab), I. Hinchliffe (LBL, Berkeley), Kenneth D. Lane (Ohio State U.), C. Quigg (Fermilab). Feb 1984. 550 pp.
    Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 56 (1984) 579-707, Addendum: Rev.Mod.Phys. 58 (1986) 1065-1073
    FERMILAB-PUB-84-017-T, LBL-16875, DOE-ER-01545-345
    DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.58.1065, 10.1103/RevModPhys.56.579

  22. 1750 core citations up to the end of 1999
  23. 1745 core citations up to the end of 1999
  24. 1738 core citations up to the end of 1999
  25. 1732 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  26. 1700 core citations up to the end of 1999
  27. 1690 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Hadron Masses in a Gauge Theory
    A. De Rujula, Howard Georgi, S.L. Glashow (Harvard U.). Mar 1975. 48 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D12 (1975) 147-162
    PRINT-75-0182 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.12.147

  28. 1687 core citations up to the end of 1999
  29. 1676 core citations up to the end of 1999
  30. 1600 core citations up to the end of 1999
  31. 1593 core citations up to the end of 1999
  32. 1549 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  33. 1519 core citations up to the end of 1999
  34. 1477 core citations up to the end of 1999
  35. 1471 core citations up to the end of 1999
  36. 1464 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Global Aspects of Current Algebra
    Edward Witten (Princeton U.). Mar 1983. 11 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B223 (1983) 422-432
    PRINT-83-0262 (PRINCETON)
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(83)90063-9

  37. 1454 core citations up to the end of 1999
  38. 1451 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Quark Masses
    J. Gasser, H. Leutwyler (Bern U.). Mar 1982. 189 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rept. 87 (1982) 77-169
    BUTP-6-1982-BERN
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-1573(82)90035-7

  39. 1437 core citations up to the end of 1999