Top Cited Articles of All Time (1999 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (1999 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-01-04. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 1999 editions

14970 core citations up to the end of 1999PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group Collaboration (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 5410 core citations up to the end of 1999
  2. 3468 core citations up to the end of 1999
  3. 3023 core citations up to the end of 1999
  4. 2815 core citations up to the end of 1999
  5. 2474 core citations up to the end of 1999
  6. 2366 core citations up to the end of 1999
  7. 2364 core citations up to the end of 1999
  8. 2274 core citations up to the end of 1999
  9. 2149 core citations up to the end of 1999
  10. 2108 core citations up to the end of 1999
  11. 2102 core citations up to the end of 1999
  12. 2083 core citations up to the end of 1999
  13. 2080 core citations up to the end of 1999
  14. 1907 core citations up to the end of 1999
  15. 1873 core citations up to the end of 1999
  16. 1860 core citations up to the end of 1999
  17. 1766 core citations up to the end of 1999
  18. 1731 core citations up to the end of 1999
  19. 1726 core citations up to the end of 1999
  20. 1725 core citations up to the end of 1999
  21. 1700 core citations up to the end of 1999
  22. 1688 core citations up to the end of 1999
  23. 1668 core citations up to the end of 1999
  24. 1660 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B103 (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  25. 1649 core citations up to the end of 1999
  26. 1637 core citations up to the end of 1999
  27. 1592 core citations up to the end of 1999
  28. 1592 core citations up to the end of 1999
  29. 1565 core citations up to the end of 1999
  30. 1553 core citations up to the end of 1999
  31. 1518 core citations up to the end of 1999
  32. 1470 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 13 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  33. 1443 core citations up to the end of 1999
  34. 1427 core citations up to the end of 1999
  35. 1410 core citations up to the end of 1999
  36. 1394 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Quark Masses
    J. Gasser, H. Leutwyler (Bern U.). Mar 1982. 189 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rept. 87 (1982) 77-169
    BUTP-6-1982-BERN
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-1573(82)90035-7

  37. 1387 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  38. 1377 core citations up to the end of 1999
  39. 1357 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Global Aspects of Current Algebra
    Edward Witten (Princeton U.). Mar 1983. 18 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B223 (1983) 422-432
    PRINT-83-0262 (PRINCETON)
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(83)90063-9