Top Cited Articles of All Time (1999 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (1999 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2015-01-08. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 1999 editions

14842 core citations up to the end of 1999PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group Collaboration (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 5324 core citations up to the end of 1999
  2. 3418 core citations up to the end of 1999
  3. 2974 core citations up to the end of 1999
  4. 2750 core citations up to the end of 1999
  5. 2452 core citations up to the end of 1999
  6. 2364 core citations up to the end of 1999
  7. 2348 core citations up to the end of 1999
  8. 2276 core citations up to the end of 1999
  9. 2139 core citations up to the end of 1999
  10. 2088 core citations up to the end of 1999
  11. 2087 core citations up to the end of 1999
  12. 2071 core citations up to the end of 1999
  13. 2054 core citations up to the end of 1999
  14. 1894 core citations up to the end of 1999
  15. 1858 core citations up to the end of 1999
  16. 1849 core citations up to the end of 1999
  17. 1758 core citations up to the end of 1999
  18. 1720 core citations up to the end of 1999
  19. 1713 core citations up to the end of 1999
  20. 1693 core citations up to the end of 1999
  21. 1683 core citations up to the end of 1999
  22. 1680 core citations up to the end of 1999
  23. 1656 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B103 (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  24. 1655 core citations up to the end of 1999
  25. 1640 core citations up to the end of 1999
  26. 1628 core citations up to the end of 1999
  27. 1590 core citations up to the end of 1999
  28. 1580 core citations up to the end of 1999
  29. 1558 core citations up to the end of 1999
  30. 1550 core citations up to the end of 1999
  31. 1516 core citations up to the end of 1999
  32. 1466 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 13 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  33. 1438 core citations up to the end of 1999
  34. 1402 core citations up to the end of 1999
  35. 1388 core citations up to the end of 1999
  36. 1387 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Quark Masses
    J. Gasser, H. Leutwyler (Bern U.). Mar 1982. 189 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rept. 87 (1982) 77-169
    BUTP-6-1982-BERN
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-1573(82)90035-7

  37. 1377 core citations up to the end of 1999
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum-ibid. 46 (1976) 206-206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  38. 1372 core citations up to the end of 1999
  39. 1351 core citations up to the end of 1999