Top Cited Articles of All Time (2000 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2000 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2000 editions

17060 core citations up to the end of 2000PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 5817 core citations up to the end of 2000
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 3737 core citations up to the end of 2000
  3. 3192 core citations up to the end of 2000
  4. 3043 core citations up to the end of 2000
  5. 2703 core citations up to the end of 2000
  6. 2576 core citations up to the end of 2000
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  7. 2556 core citations up to the end of 2000
  8. 2477 core citations up to the end of 2000
  9. 2354 core citations up to the end of 2000
  10. 2351 core citations up to the end of 2000
  11. 2320 core citations up to the end of 2000
  12. 2270 core citations up to the end of 2000
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  13. 2200 core citations up to the end of 2000
  14. 2057 core citations up to the end of 2000
  15. 2011 core citations up to the end of 2000
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  16. 2010 core citations up to the end of 2000
  17. 1990 core citations up to the end of 2000
  18. 1921 core citations up to the end of 2000
  19. 1904 core citations up to the end of 2000
  20. 1851 core citations up to the end of 2000
  21. 1842 core citations up to the end of 2000
  22. 1823 core citations up to the end of 2000
  23. 1805 core citations up to the end of 2000
  24. 1785 core citations up to the end of 2000
  25. 1782 core citations up to the end of 2000
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  26. 1781 core citations up to the end of 2000
    Super Collider Physics
    E. Eichten (Fermilab), I. Hinchliffe (LBL, Berkeley), Kenneth D. Lane (Ohio State U.), C. Quigg (Fermilab). Feb 1984. 550 pp.
    Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 56 (1984) 579-707, Addendum: Rev.Mod.Phys. 58 (1986) 1065-1073
    FERMILAB-PUB-84-017-T, LBL-16875, DOE-ER-01545-345
    DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.58.1065, 10.1103/RevModPhys.56.579

  27. 1754 core citations up to the end of 2000
  28. 1734 core citations up to the end of 2000
  29. 1717 core citations up to the end of 2000
    Hadron Masses in a Gauge Theory
    A. De Rujula, Howard Georgi, S.L. Glashow (Harvard U.). Mar 1975. 48 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D12 (1975) 147-162
    PRINT-75-0182 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.12.147

  30. 1694 core citations up to the end of 2000
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  31. 1670 core citations up to the end of 2000
  32. 1650 core citations up to the end of 2000
  33. 1611 core citations up to the end of 2000
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  34. 1571 core citations up to the end of 2000
  35. 1550 core citations up to the end of 2000
  36. 1539 core citations up to the end of 2000
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  37. 1533 core citations up to the end of 2000
  38. 1510 core citations up to the end of 2000
  39. 1510 core citations up to the end of 2000