Top Cited Articles of All Time (2001 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2001 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2001 editions

18665 core citations up to the end of 2001PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 5936 core citations up to the end of 2001
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 3958 core citations up to the end of 2001
  3. 3238 core citations up to the end of 2001
  4. 3145 core citations up to the end of 2001
  5. 2861 core citations up to the end of 2001
  6. 2684 core citations up to the end of 2001
  7. 2645 core citations up to the end of 2001
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  8. 2548 core citations up to the end of 2001
  9. 2488 core citations up to the end of 2001
  10. 2474 core citations up to the end of 2001
  11. 2462 core citations up to the end of 2001
  12. 2355 core citations up to the end of 2001
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  13. 2271 core citations up to the end of 2001
  14. 2173 core citations up to the end of 2001
  15. 2121 core citations up to the end of 2001
  16. 2105 core citations up to the end of 2001
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  17. 2089 core citations up to the end of 2001
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  18. 2074 core citations up to the end of 2001
  19. 2026 core citations up to the end of 2001
  20. 1960 core citations up to the end of 2001
  21. 1941 core citations up to the end of 2001
  22. 1905 core citations up to the end of 2001
  23. 1892 core citations up to the end of 2001
  24. 1865 core citations up to the end of 2001
  25. 1848 core citations up to the end of 2001
  26. 1826 core citations up to the end of 2001
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  27. 1811 core citations up to the end of 2001
    Super Collider Physics
    E. Eichten (Fermilab), I. Hinchliffe (LBL, Berkeley), Kenneth D. Lane (Ohio State U.), C. Quigg (Fermilab). Feb 1984. 550 pp.
    Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 56 (1984) 579-707, Addendum: Rev.Mod.Phys. 58 (1986) 1065-1073
    FERMILAB-PUB-84-017-T, LBL-16875, DOE-ER-01545-345
    DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.58.1065, 10.1103/RevModPhys.56.579

  28. 1809 core citations up to the end of 2001
  29. 1786 core citations up to the end of 2001
  30. 1765 core citations up to the end of 2001
  31. 1747 core citations up to the end of 2001
    Hadron Masses in a Gauge Theory
    A. De Rujula, Howard Georgi, S.L. Glashow (Harvard U.). Mar 1975. 48 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D12 (1975) 147-162
    PRINT-75-0182 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.12.147

  32. 1731 core citations up to the end of 2001
  33. 1702 core citations up to the end of 2001
  34. 1684 core citations up to the end of 2001
  35. 1677 core citations up to the end of 2001
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  36. 1660 core citations up to the end of 2001
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  37. 1617 core citations up to the end of 2001
  38. 1579 core citations up to the end of 2001
  39. 1571 core citations up to the end of 2001