Top Cited Articles of All Time (2002 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2002 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2002 editions

20435 core citations up to the end of 2002PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 6072 core citations up to the end of 2002
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 4227 core citations up to the end of 2002
  3. 3304 core citations up to the end of 2002
  4. 3264 core citations up to the end of 2002
  5. 3030 core citations up to the end of 2002
  6. 2815 core citations up to the end of 2002
  7. 2733 core citations up to the end of 2002
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  8. 2658 core citations up to the end of 2002
  9. 2642 core citations up to the end of 2002
  10. 2635 core citations up to the end of 2002
  11. 2588 core citations up to the end of 2002
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  12. 2566 core citations up to the end of 2002
  13. 2455 core citations up to the end of 2002
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  14. 2363 core citations up to the end of 2002
  15. 2325 core citations up to the end of 2002
  16. 2188 core citations up to the end of 2002
  17. 2171 core citations up to the end of 2002
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  18. 2131 core citations up to the end of 2002
  19. 2122 core citations up to the end of 2002
  20. 2052 core citations up to the end of 2002
  21. 2030 core citations up to the end of 2002
  22. 2027 core citations up to the end of 2002
  23. 2017 core citations up to the end of 2002
  24. 2013 core citations up to the end of 2002
  25. 1934 core citations up to the end of 2002
  26. 1914 core citations up to the end of 2002
  27. 1872 core citations up to the end of 2002
  28. 1866 core citations up to the end of 2002
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  29. 1863 core citations up to the end of 2002
  30. 1846 core citations up to the end of 2002
  31. 1835 core citations up to the end of 2002
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  32. 1827 core citations up to the end of 2002
    Super Collider Physics
    E. Eichten (Fermilab), I. Hinchliffe (LBL, Berkeley), Kenneth D. Lane (Ohio State U.), C. Quigg (Fermilab). Feb 1984. 550 pp.
    Published in Rev.Mod.Phys. 56 (1984) 579-707, Addendum: Rev.Mod.Phys. 58 (1986) 1065-1073
    FERMILAB-PUB-84-017-T, LBL-16875, DOE-ER-01545-345
    DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.58.1065, 10.1103/RevModPhys.56.579

  33. 1823 core citations up to the end of 2002
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  34. 1815 core citations up to the end of 2002
  35. 1805 core citations up to the end of 2002
  36. 1785 core citations up to the end of 2002
    Hadron Masses in a Gauge Theory
    A. De Rujula, Howard Georgi, S.L. Glashow (Harvard U.). Mar 1975. 48 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D12 (1975) 147-162
    PRINT-75-0182 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.12.147

  37. 1763 core citations up to the end of 2002
  38. 1717 core citations up to the end of 2002
    Magnetic Monopoles in Unified Gauge Theories
    Gerard 't Hooft (CERN). May 1974. 9 pp.
    Published in Nucl.Phys. B79 (1974) 276-284
    CERN-TH-1876
    DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

  39. 1703 core citations up to the end of 2002