Top Cited Articles of All Time (2003 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2003 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-01-04. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2003 editions

21841 core citations up to the end of 2003PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group Collaboration (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 5927 core citations up to the end of 2003
  2. 4384 core citations up to the end of 2003
  3. 3252 core citations up to the end of 2003
  4. 3250 core citations up to the end of 2003
  5. 3079 core citations up to the end of 2003
  6. 2979 core citations up to the end of 2003
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 19 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  7. 2792 core citations up to the end of 2003
  8. 2750 core citations up to the end of 2003
  9. 2728 core citations up to the end of 2003
  10. 2712 core citations up to the end of 2003
  11. 2649 core citations up to the end of 2003
  12. 2538 core citations up to the end of 2003
  13. 2440 core citations up to the end of 2003
  14. 2422 core citations up to the end of 2003
  15. 2416 core citations up to the end of 2003
  16. 2186 core citations up to the end of 2003
  17. 2184 core citations up to the end of 2003
  18. 2172 core citations up to the end of 2003
  19. 2140 core citations up to the end of 2003
  20. 2127 core citations up to the end of 2003
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  21. 2119 core citations up to the end of 2003
  22. 2114 core citations up to the end of 2003
  23. 2089 core citations up to the end of 2003
  24. 2073 core citations up to the end of 2003
  25. 2038 core citations up to the end of 2003
  26. 2021 core citations up to the end of 2003
  27. 1986 core citations up to the end of 2003
  28. 1947 core citations up to the end of 2003
  29. 1941 core citations up to the end of 2003
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  30. 1932 core citations up to the end of 2003
  31. 1917 core citations up to the end of 2003
  32. 1915 core citations up to the end of 2003
  33. 1898 core citations up to the end of 2003
  34. 1865 core citations up to the end of 2003
  35. 1841 core citations up to the end of 2003
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B103 (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  36. 1833 core citations up to the end of 2003
  37. 1818 core citations up to the end of 2003
  38. 1812 core citations up to the end of 2003
  39. 1773 core citations up to the end of 2003