Top Cited Articles of All Time (2003 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2003 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2015-01-08. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2003 editions

21646 core citations up to the end of 2003PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group Collaboration (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 5814 core citations up to the end of 2003
  2. 4320 core citations up to the end of 2003
  3. 3194 core citations up to the end of 2003
  4. 3158 core citations up to the end of 2003
  5. 3046 core citations up to the end of 2003
  6. 2961 core citations up to the end of 2003
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 19 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  7. 2793 core citations up to the end of 2003
  8. 2732 core citations up to the end of 2003
  9. 2708 core citations up to the end of 2003
  10. 2707 core citations up to the end of 2003
  11. 2631 core citations up to the end of 2003
  12. 2510 core citations up to the end of 2003
  13. 2409 core citations up to the end of 2003
  14. 2405 core citations up to the end of 2003
  15. 2405 core citations up to the end of 2003
  16. 2167 core citations up to the end of 2003
  17. 2154 core citations up to the end of 2003
  18. 2150 core citations up to the end of 2003
  19. 2123 core citations up to the end of 2003
  20. 2113 core citations up to the end of 2003
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  21. 2107 core citations up to the end of 2003
  22. 2100 core citations up to the end of 2003
  23. 2079 core citations up to the end of 2003
  24. 2056 core citations up to the end of 2003
  25. 2026 core citations up to the end of 2003
  26. 1998 core citations up to the end of 2003
  27. 1977 core citations up to the end of 2003
  28. 1929 core citations up to the end of 2003
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum-ibid. 46 (1976) 206-206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  29. 1922 core citations up to the end of 2003
  30. 1910 core citations up to the end of 2003
  31. 1904 core citations up to the end of 2003
  32. 1904 core citations up to the end of 2003
  33. 1886 core citations up to the end of 2003
  34. 1857 core citations up to the end of 2003
  35. 1833 core citations up to the end of 2003
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B103 (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  36. 1831 core citations up to the end of 2003
  37. 1799 core citations up to the end of 2003
  38. 1773 core citations up to the end of 2003
  39. 1757 core citations up to the end of 2003