Top Cited Articles of All Time (2004 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2004 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2018-01-08. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2004 editions

24824 core citations up to the end of 2004PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (C. Patrignani (Bologna U. & INFN, Bologna) et al.). 2016. 1808 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C40 (2016) no.10, 100001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/40/10/100001

  1. 6409 core citations up to the end of 2004
  2. 4788 core citations up to the end of 2004
  3. 3546 core citations up to the end of 2004
  4. 3475 core citations up to the end of 2004
  5. 3458 core citations up to the end of 2004
  6. 3343 core citations up to the end of 2004
  7. 3066 core citations up to the end of 2004
  8. 2970 core citations up to the end of 2004
  9. 2926 core citations up to the end of 2004
  10. 2917 core citations up to the end of 2004
  11. 2802 core citations up to the end of 2004
  12. 2774 core citations up to the end of 2004
  13. 2654 core citations up to the end of 2004
  14. 2632 core citations up to the end of 2004
  15. 2564 core citations up to the end of 2004
  16. 2492 core citations up to the end of 2004
  17. 2482 core citations up to the end of 2004
  18. 2465 core citations up to the end of 2004
  19. 2465 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  20. 2424 core citations up to the end of 2004
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  21. 2405 core citations up to the end of 2004
  22. 2318 core citations up to the end of 2004
  23. 2312 core citations up to the end of 2004
  24. 2293 core citations up to the end of 2004
  25. 2291 core citations up to the end of 2004
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  26. 2285 core citations up to the end of 2004
  27. 2235 core citations up to the end of 2004
  28. 2231 core citations up to the end of 2004
  29. 2195 core citations up to the end of 2004
  30. 2180 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  31. 2165 core citations up to the end of 2004
  32. 2110 core citations up to the end of 2004
  33. 2080 core citations up to the end of 2004
  34. 2053 core citations up to the end of 2004
  35. 1981 core citations up to the end of 2004
  36. 1959 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Resonance Amplification of Oscillations in Matter and Spectroscopy of Solar Neutrinos
    S.P. Mikheev, A.Yu. Smirnov (Moscow, INR). 1986. 8 pp.
    Published in Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 42 (1985) 913-917, Yad.Fiz. 42 (1985) 1441-1448

  37. 1951 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  38. 1947 core citations up to the end of 2004
  39. 1929 core citations up to the end of 2004