Top Cited Articles of All Time (2004 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2004 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2004 editions

24511 core citations up to the end of 2004PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 6348 core citations up to the end of 2004
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 4729 core citations up to the end of 2004
  3. 3490 core citations up to the end of 2004
  4. 3464 core citations up to the end of 2004
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  5. 3425 core citations up to the end of 2004
  6. 3317 core citations up to the end of 2004
  7. 3062 core citations up to the end of 2004
  8. 2906 core citations up to the end of 2004
  9. 2896 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  10. 2896 core citations up to the end of 2004
  11. 2784 core citations up to the end of 2004
  12. 2759 core citations up to the end of 2004
  13. 2624 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  14. 2612 core citations up to the end of 2004
  15. 2549 core citations up to the end of 2004
  16. 2472 core citations up to the end of 2004
  17. 2435 core citations up to the end of 2004
  18. 2417 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  19. 2413 core citations up to the end of 2004
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  20. 2410 core citations up to the end of 2004
  21. 2396 core citations up to the end of 2004
  22. 2313 core citations up to the end of 2004
  23. 2301 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  24. 2284 core citations up to the end of 2004
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  25. 2278 core citations up to the end of 2004
  26. 2277 core citations up to the end of 2004
  27. 2211 core citations up to the end of 2004
  28. 2206 core citations up to the end of 2004
  29. 2190 core citations up to the end of 2004
  30. 2162 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  31. 2158 core citations up to the end of 2004
  32. 2107 core citations up to the end of 2004
  33. 2059 core citations up to the end of 2004
  34. 2031 core citations up to the end of 2004
  35. 1981 core citations up to the end of 2004
  36. 1946 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 4 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. 103B (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  37. 1943 core citations up to the end of 2004
  38. 1938 core citations up to the end of 2004
  39. 1926 core citations up to the end of 2004