Top Cited Articles of All Time (2004 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2004 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2014-01-05. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2004 editions

23487 core citations up to the end of 2004PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics (RPP)
Particle Data Group Collaboration (J. Beringer (LBL, Berkeley) et al.). 2012. 1528 pp.
Published in Phys.Rev. D86 (2012) 010001
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.010001

  1. 5882 core citations up to the end of 2004
  2. 4524 core citations up to the end of 2004
  3. 3376 core citations up to the end of 2004
  4. 3236 core citations up to the end of 2004
  5. 3236 core citations up to the end of 2004
  6. 3158 core citations up to the end of 2004
  7. 2886 core citations up to the end of 2004
  8. 2845 core citations up to the end of 2004
  9. 2819 core citations up to the end of 2004
  10. 2753 core citations up to the end of 2004
  11. 2671 core citations up to the end of 2004
  12. 2557 core citations up to the end of 2004
  13. 2515 core citations up to the end of 2004
  14. 2474 core citations up to the end of 2004
  15. 2465 core citations up to the end of 2004
  16. 2413 core citations up to the end of 2004
  17. 2367 core citations up to the end of 2004
  18. 2352 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  19. 2343 core citations up to the end of 2004
  20. 2300 core citations up to the end of 2004
  21. 2286 core citations up to the end of 2004
  22. 2250 core citations up to the end of 2004
  23. 2186 core citations up to the end of 2004
  24. 2186 core citations up to the end of 2004
  25. 2142 core citations up to the end of 2004
  26. 2137 core citations up to the end of 2004
  27. 2110 core citations up to the end of 2004
  28. 2083 core citations up to the end of 2004
  29. 2072 core citations up to the end of 2004
  30. 2071 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum-ibid. 46 (1976) 206-206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  31. 2052 core citations up to the end of 2004
  32. 2001 core citations up to the end of 2004
  33. 1950 core citations up to the end of 2004
  34. 1929 core citations up to the end of 2004
  35. 1878 core citations up to the end of 2004
  36. 1871 core citations up to the end of 2004
  37. 1853 core citations up to the end of 2004
  38. 1842 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B103 (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  39. 1831 core citations up to the end of 2004