Top Cited Articles of All Time (2004 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2004 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2015-01-08. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2004 editions

23657 core citations up to the end of 2004PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group Collaboration (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 5950 core citations up to the end of 2004
  2. 4565 core citations up to the end of 2004
  3. 3420 core citations up to the end of 2004
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 19 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  4. 3271 core citations up to the end of 2004
  5. 3264 core citations up to the end of 2004
  6. 3184 core citations up to the end of 2004
  7. 2906 core citations up to the end of 2004
  8. 2864 core citations up to the end of 2004
  9. 2836 core citations up to the end of 2004
  10. 2778 core citations up to the end of 2004
  11. 2702 core citations up to the end of 2004
  12. 2574 core citations up to the end of 2004
  13. 2540 core citations up to the end of 2004
  14. 2494 core citations up to the end of 2004
  15. 2485 core citations up to the end of 2004
  16. 2445 core citations up to the end of 2004
  17. 2395 core citations up to the end of 2004
  18. 2373 core citations up to the end of 2004
  19. 2371 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  20. 2327 core citations up to the end of 2004
  21. 2322 core citations up to the end of 2004
  22. 2269 core citations up to the end of 2004
  23. 2216 core citations up to the end of 2004
  24. 2203 core citations up to the end of 2004
  25. 2169 core citations up to the end of 2004
  26. 2165 core citations up to the end of 2004
  27. 2136 core citations up to the end of 2004
  28. 2103 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum-ibid. 46 (1976) 206-206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  29. 2099 core citations up to the end of 2004
  30. 2090 core citations up to the end of 2004
  31. 2079 core citations up to the end of 2004
  32. 2013 core citations up to the end of 2004
  33. 1979 core citations up to the end of 2004
  34. 1955 core citations up to the end of 2004
  35. 1886 core citations up to the end of 2004
  36. 1881 core citations up to the end of 2004
  37. 1876 core citations up to the end of 2004
  38. 1864 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B103 (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  39. 1850 core citations up to the end of 2004