Top Cited Articles of All Time (2004 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2004 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-01-04. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2004 editions

23864 core citations up to the end of 2004PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group Collaboration (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 6070 core citations up to the end of 2004
  2. 4631 core citations up to the end of 2004
  3. 3446 core citations up to the end of 2004
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 19 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  4. 3370 core citations up to the end of 2004
  5. 3321 core citations up to the end of 2004
  6. 3219 core citations up to the end of 2004
  7. 2906 core citations up to the end of 2004
  8. 2882 core citations up to the end of 2004
  9. 2857 core citations up to the end of 2004
  10. 2784 core citations up to the end of 2004
  11. 2721 core citations up to the end of 2004
  12. 2603 core citations up to the end of 2004
  13. 2559 core citations up to the end of 2004
  14. 2526 core citations up to the end of 2004
  15. 2497 core citations up to the end of 2004
  16. 2456 core citations up to the end of 2004
  17. 2409 core citations up to the end of 2004
  18. 2388 core citations up to the end of 2004
  19. 2388 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  20. 2362 core citations up to the end of 2004
  21. 2342 core citations up to the end of 2004
  22. 2280 core citations up to the end of 2004
  23. 2234 core citations up to the end of 2004
  24. 2221 core citations up to the end of 2004
  25. 2186 core citations up to the end of 2004
  26. 2180 core citations up to the end of 2004
  27. 2151 core citations up to the end of 2004
  28. 2118 core citations up to the end of 2004
  29. 2118 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  30. 2113 core citations up to the end of 2004
  31. 2112 core citations up to the end of 2004
  32. 2022 core citations up to the end of 2004
  33. 1989 core citations up to the end of 2004
  34. 1967 core citations up to the end of 2004
  35. 1896 core citations up to the end of 2004
  36. 1893 core citations up to the end of 2004
  37. 1884 core citations up to the end of 2004
  38. 1872 core citations up to the end of 2004
    Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings
    Alexander M. Polyakov (Landau Inst.). Jun 1981. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Lett. B103 (1981) 207-210
    Print-81-0351 (LANDAU INST)
    DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(81)90743-7

  39. 1863 core citations up to the end of 2004