Top Cited Articles of All Time (2005 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2005 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2005 editions

26500 core citations up to the end of 2005PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 6489 core citations up to the end of 2005
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 4963 core citations up to the end of 2005
  3. 3906 core citations up to the end of 2005
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  4. 3618 core citations up to the end of 2005
  5. 3486 core citations up to the end of 2005
  6. 3480 core citations up to the end of 2005
  7. 3201 core citations up to the end of 2005
  8. 3050 core citations up to the end of 2005
  9. 3018 core citations up to the end of 2005
  10. 2968 core citations up to the end of 2005
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  11. 2851 core citations up to the end of 2005
  12. 2851 core citations up to the end of 2005
  13. 2803 core citations up to the end of 2005
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  14. 2790 core citations up to the end of 2005
  15. 2714 core citations up to the end of 2005
  16. 2704 core citations up to the end of 2005
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  17. 2689 core citations up to the end of 2005
  18. 2643 core citations up to the end of 2005
  19. 2622 core citations up to the end of 2005
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  20. 2616 core citations up to the end of 2005
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  21. 2578 core citations up to the end of 2005
  22. 2546 core citations up to the end of 2005
  23. 2446 core citations up to the end of 2005
  24. 2402 core citations up to the end of 2005
  25. 2373 core citations up to the end of 2005
  26. 2361 core citations up to the end of 2005
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  27. 2342 core citations up to the end of 2005
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  28. 2338 core citations up to the end of 2005
  29. 2334 core citations up to the end of 2005
  30. 2296 core citations up to the end of 2005
  31. 2280 core citations up to the end of 2005
  32. 2162 core citations up to the end of 2005
  33. 2153 core citations up to the end of 2005
  34. 2132 core citations up to the end of 2005
  35. 2104 core citations up to the end of 2005
  36. 2076 core citations up to the end of 2005
  37. 2043 core citations up to the end of 2005
  38. 2036 core citations up to the end of 2005
  39. 2010 core citations up to the end of 2005