Top Cited Articles of All Time (2006 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2006 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2006 editions

28672 core citations up to the end of 2006PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 6637 core citations up to the end of 2006
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 5202 core citations up to the end of 2006
  3. 4481 core citations up to the end of 2006
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  4. 3740 core citations up to the end of 2006
  5. 3640 core citations up to the end of 2006
  6. 3548 core citations up to the end of 2006
  7. 3326 core citations up to the end of 2006
  8. 3210 core citations up to the end of 2006
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  9. 3187 core citations up to the end of 2006
  10. 3139 core citations up to the end of 2006
  11. 3091 core citations up to the end of 2006
  12. 3067 core citations up to the end of 2006
  13. 3036 core citations up to the end of 2006
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  14. 2972 core citations up to the end of 2006
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  15. 2943 core citations up to the end of 2006
  16. 2942 core citations up to the end of 2006
  17. 2833 core citations up to the end of 2006
  18. 2792 core citations up to the end of 2006
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  19. 2789 core citations up to the end of 2006
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  20. 2746 core citations up to the end of 2006
  21. 2741 core citations up to the end of 2006
  22. 2716 core citations up to the end of 2006
  23. 2673 core citations up to the end of 2006
  24. 2581 core citations up to the end of 2006
  25. 2562 core citations up to the end of 2006
  26. 2557 core citations up to the end of 2006
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  27. 2416 core citations up to the end of 2006
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  28. 2403 core citations up to the end of 2006
  29. 2401 core citations up to the end of 2006
  30. 2386 core citations up to the end of 2006
  31. 2355 core citations up to the end of 2006
  32. 2333 core citations up to the end of 2006
  33. 2262 core citations up to the end of 2006
  34. 2241 core citations up to the end of 2006
  35. 2232 core citations up to the end of 2006
  36. 2205 core citations up to the end of 2006
  37. 2188 core citations up to the end of 2006
  38. 2158 core citations up to the end of 2006
  39. 2147 core citations up to the end of 2006