Top Cited Articles of All Time (2007 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2007 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2007 editions

31090 core citations up to the end of 2007PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 6792 core citations up to the end of 2007
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 5467 core citations up to the end of 2007
  3. 5112 core citations up to the end of 2007
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  4. 3868 core citations up to the end of 2007
  5. 3790 core citations up to the end of 2007
  6. 3646 core citations up to the end of 2007
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  7. 3632 core citations up to the end of 2007
  8. 3481 core citations up to the end of 2007
  9. 3444 core citations up to the end of 2007
  10. 3403 core citations up to the end of 2007
  11. 3345 core citations up to the end of 2007
  12. 3316 core citations up to the end of 2007
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  13. 3275 core citations up to the end of 2007
  14. 3135 core citations up to the end of 2007
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  15. 3076 core citations up to the end of 2007
  16. 3049 core citations up to the end of 2007
  17. 3020 core citations up to the end of 2007
  18. 2958 core citations up to the end of 2007
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  19. 2940 core citations up to the end of 2007
  20. 2928 core citations up to the end of 2007
  21. 2855 core citations up to the end of 2007
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  22. 2844 core citations up to the end of 2007
  23. 2801 core citations up to the end of 2007
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  24. 2786 core citations up to the end of 2007
  25. 2776 core citations up to the end of 2007
  26. 2742 core citations up to the end of 2007
  27. 2584 core citations up to the end of 2007
  28. 2551 core citations up to the end of 2007
  29. 2510 core citations up to the end of 2007
  30. 2498 core citations up to the end of 2007
  31. 2472 core citations up to the end of 2007
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  32. 2430 core citations up to the end of 2007
  33. 2427 core citations up to the end of 2007
  34. 2363 core citations up to the end of 2007
  35. 2337 core citations up to the end of 2007
  36. 2333 core citations up to the end of 2007
  37. 2329 core citations up to the end of 2007
  38. 2304 core citations up to the end of 2007
  39. 2296 core citations up to the end of 2007