Top Cited Articles of All Time (2008 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2008 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2008 editions

33729 core citations up to the end of 2008PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 7000 core citations up to the end of 2008
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  2. 5906 core citations up to the end of 2008
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  3. 5781 core citations up to the end of 2008
  4. 4107 core citations up to the end of 2008
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  5. 4032 core citations up to the end of 2008
  6. 3999 core citations up to the end of 2008
  7. 3984 core citations up to the end of 2008
  8. 3728 core citations up to the end of 2008
  9. 3727 core citations up to the end of 2008
  10. 3637 core citations up to the end of 2008
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  11. 3585 core citations up to the end of 2008
  12. 3536 core citations up to the end of 2008
  13. 3513 core citations up to the end of 2008
  14. 3410 core citations up to the end of 2008
  15. 3212 core citations up to the end of 2008
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  16. 3173 core citations up to the end of 2008
  17. 3131 core citations up to the end of 2008
  18. 3129 core citations up to the end of 2008
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  19. 3114 core citations up to the end of 2008
  20. 3069 core citations up to the end of 2008
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  21. 3055 core citations up to the end of 2008
  22. 3017 core citations up to the end of 2008
  23. 2940 core citations up to the end of 2008
  24. 2934 core citations up to the end of 2008
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  25. 2897 core citations up to the end of 2008
  26. 2885 core citations up to the end of 2008
  27. 2882 core citations up to the end of 2008
  28. 2750 core citations up to the end of 2008
  29. 2653 core citations up to the end of 2008
  30. 2645 core citations up to the end of 2008
  31. 2612 core citations up to the end of 2008
  32. 2592 core citations up to the end of 2008
  33. 2540 core citations up to the end of 2008
    Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Mar 1976. 11 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 8-11
    PRINT-76-0254 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.37.8

  34. 2505 core citations up to the end of 2008
  35. 2497 core citations up to the end of 2008
  36. 2490 core citations up to the end of 2008
  37. 2485 core citations up to the end of 2008
  38. 2473 core citations up to the end of 2008
  39. 2462 core citations up to the end of 2008