Top Cited Articles of All Time (2009 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2009 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2018-01-08. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2009 editions

37085 core citations up to the end of 2009PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (C. Patrignani (Bologna U. & INFN, Bologna) et al.). 2016. 1808 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C40 (2016) no.10, 100001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/40/10/100001

  1. 7343 core citations up to the end of 2009
  2. 6715 core citations up to the end of 2009
  3. 6207 core citations up to the end of 2009
  4. 4584 core citations up to the end of 2009
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  5. 4523 core citations up to the end of 2009
  6. 4311 core citations up to the end of 2009
  7. 4198 core citations up to the end of 2009
  8. 4056 core citations up to the end of 2009
  9. 4003 core citations up to the end of 2009
  10. 3967 core citations up to the end of 2009
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  11. 3875 core citations up to the end of 2009
  12. 3742 core citations up to the end of 2009
  13. 3734 core citations up to the end of 2009
  14. 3601 core citations up to the end of 2009
  15. 3375 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  16. 3365 core citations up to the end of 2009
  17. 3361 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  18. 3340 core citations up to the end of 2009
  19. 3327 core citations up to the end of 2009
  20. 3315 core citations up to the end of 2009
  21. 3241 core citations up to the end of 2009
  22. 3216 core citations up to the end of 2009
  23. 3162 core citations up to the end of 2009
  24. 3087 core citations up to the end of 2009
  25. 3061 core citations up to the end of 2009
  26. 3055 core citations up to the end of 2009
  27. 3047 core citations up to the end of 2009
  28. 3038 core citations up to the end of 2009
  29. 3030 core citations up to the end of 2009
  30. 2962 core citations up to the end of 2009
  31. 2739 core citations up to the end of 2009
  32. 2728 core citations up to the end of 2009
  33. 2654 core citations up to the end of 2009
  34. 2635 core citations up to the end of 2009
  35. 2635 core citations up to the end of 2009
  36. 2624 core citations up to the end of 2009
  37. 2620 core citations up to the end of 2009
  38. 2615 core citations up to the end of 2009
  39. 2600 core citations up to the end of 2009