Top Cited Articles of All Time (2009 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2009 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2018-12-30. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2009 editions

37535 core citations up to the end of 2009PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (M. Tanabashi (Nagoya U. & KMI, Nagoya) et al.). 2018. 1898 pp.
Published in Phys.Rev. D98 (2018) no.3, 030001
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.98.030001

  1. 7490 core citations up to the end of 2009
  2. 6742 core citations up to the end of 2009
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961, 10.4310/ATMP.1998.v2.n2.a1
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  3. 6257 core citations up to the end of 2009
  4. 4616 core citations up to the end of 2009
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  5. 4538 core citations up to the end of 2009
  6. 4384 core citations up to the end of 2009
  7. 4241 core citations up to the end of 2009
  8. 4103 core citations up to the end of 2009
  9. 4014 core citations up to the end of 2009
  10. 3989 core citations up to the end of 2009
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  11. 3942 core citations up to the end of 2009
  12. 3827 core citations up to the end of 2009
  13. 3755 core citations up to the end of 2009
  14. 3685 core citations up to the end of 2009
  15. 3413 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  16. 3403 core citations up to the end of 2009
  17. 3383 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U., DAMTP & Caltech). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF01608497, 10.1007/BF02345020

  18. 3368 core citations up to the end of 2009
  19. 3366 core citations up to the end of 2009
  20. 3356 core citations up to the end of 2009
  21. 3309 core citations up to the end of 2009
  22. 3283 core citations up to the end of 2009
  23. 3233 core citations up to the end of 2009
  24. 3177 core citations up to the end of 2009
  25. 3084 core citations up to the end of 2009
  26. 3081 core citations up to the end of 2009
  27. 3065 core citations up to the end of 2009
  28. 3060 core citations up to the end of 2009
  29. 3041 core citations up to the end of 2009
  30. 2985 core citations up to the end of 2009
  31. 2773 core citations up to the end of 2009
  32. 2771 core citations up to the end of 2009
  33. 2709 core citations up to the end of 2009
  34. 2700 core citations up to the end of 2009
  35. 2687 core citations up to the end of 2009
  36. 2666 core citations up to the end of 2009
  37. 2651 core citations up to the end of 2009
  38. 2648 core citations up to the end of 2009
  39. 2614 core citations up to the end of 2009