Top Cited Articles of All Time (2009 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2009 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2015-01-08. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2009 editions

35443 core citations up to the end of 2009PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group Collaboration (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 6804 core citations up to the end of 2009
  2. 6529 core citations up to the end of 2009
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 19 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  3. 5913 core citations up to the end of 2009
  4. 4478 core citations up to the end of 2009
  5. 4416 core citations up to the end of 2009
  6. 3985 core citations up to the end of 2009
  7. 3969 core citations up to the end of 2009
  8. 3966 core citations up to the end of 2009
  9. 3913 core citations up to the end of 2009
  10. 3893 core citations up to the end of 2009
  11. 3643 core citations up to the end of 2009
  12. 3601 core citations up to the end of 2009
  13. 3562 core citations up to the end of 2009
  14. 3488 core citations up to the end of 2009
  15. 3231 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  16. 3220 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum-ibid. 46 (1976) 206-206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  17. 3166 core citations up to the end of 2009
  18. 3165 core citations up to the end of 2009
  19. 3119 core citations up to the end of 2009
  20. 3109 core citations up to the end of 2009
  21. 3108 core citations up to the end of 2009
  22. 3076 core citations up to the end of 2009
  23. 3071 core citations up to the end of 2009
  24. 2966 core citations up to the end of 2009
  25. 2949 core citations up to the end of 2009
  26. 2943 core citations up to the end of 2009
  27. 2917 core citations up to the end of 2009
  28. 2898 core citations up to the end of 2009
  29. 2896 core citations up to the end of 2009
  30. 2881 core citations up to the end of 2009
  31. 2596 core citations up to the end of 2009
  32. 2594 core citations up to the end of 2009
  33. 2585 core citations up to the end of 2009
  34. 2547 core citations up to the end of 2009
  35. 2526 core citations up to the end of 2009
  36. 2509 core citations up to the end of 2009
  37. 2493 core citations up to the end of 2009
  38. 2487 core citations up to the end of 2009
  39. 2477 core citations up to the end of 2009