Top Cited Articles of All Time (2009 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2009 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2014-01-05. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2009 editions

34967 core citations up to the end of 2009PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics (RPP)
Particle Data Group Collaboration (J. Beringer (LBL, Berkeley) et al.). 2012. 1528 pp.
Published in Phys.Rev. D86 (2012) 010001
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.010001

  1. 6696 core citations up to the end of 2009
  2. 6452 core citations up to the end of 2009
  3. 5841 core citations up to the end of 2009
  4. 4419 core citations up to the end of 2009
  5. 4362 core citations up to the end of 2009
  6. 3941 core citations up to the end of 2009
  7. 3903 core citations up to the end of 2009
  8. 3899 core citations up to the end of 2009
  9. 3873 core citations up to the end of 2009
  10. 3847 core citations up to the end of 2009
  11. 3599 core citations up to the end of 2009
  12. 3573 core citations up to the end of 2009
  13. 3521 core citations up to the end of 2009
  14. 3459 core citations up to the end of 2009
  15. 3171 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  16. 3142 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum-ibid. 46 (1976) 206-206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  17. 3128 core citations up to the end of 2009
  18. 3116 core citations up to the end of 2009
  19. 3078 core citations up to the end of 2009
  20. 3076 core citations up to the end of 2009
  21. 3059 core citations up to the end of 2009
  22. 3021 core citations up to the end of 2009
  23. 3020 core citations up to the end of 2009
  24. 2917 core citations up to the end of 2009
  25. 2911 core citations up to the end of 2009
  26. 2896 core citations up to the end of 2009
  27. 2885 core citations up to the end of 2009
  28. 2862 core citations up to the end of 2009
  29. 2853 core citations up to the end of 2009
  30. 2847 core citations up to the end of 2009
  31. 2568 core citations up to the end of 2009
  32. 2561 core citations up to the end of 2009
  33. 2552 core citations up to the end of 2009
  34. 2522 core citations up to the end of 2009
  35. 2503 core citations up to the end of 2009
  36. 2467 core citations up to the end of 2009
  37. 2461 core citations up to the end of 2009
  38. 2437 core citations up to the end of 2009
  39. 2431 core citations up to the end of 2009