Top Cited Articles of All Time (2009 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2009 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-01-04. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2009 editions

35776 core citations up to the end of 2009PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group Collaboration (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 6943 core citations up to the end of 2009
  2. 6593 core citations up to the end of 2009
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 19 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  3. 5993 core citations up to the end of 2009
  4. 4510 core citations up to the end of 2009
  5. 4450 core citations up to the end of 2009
  6. 4087 core citations up to the end of 2009
  7. 4031 core citations up to the end of 2009
  8. 3990 core citations up to the end of 2009
  9. 3943 core citations up to the end of 2009
  10. 3918 core citations up to the end of 2009
  11. 3705 core citations up to the end of 2009
  12. 3625 core citations up to the end of 2009
  13. 3569 core citations up to the end of 2009
  14. 3516 core citations up to the end of 2009
  15. 3271 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  16. 3257 core citations up to the end of 2009
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  17. 3206 core citations up to the end of 2009
  18. 3179 core citations up to the end of 2009
  19. 3160 core citations up to the end of 2009
  20. 3142 core citations up to the end of 2009
  21. 3138 core citations up to the end of 2009
  22. 3120 core citations up to the end of 2009
  23. 3108 core citations up to the end of 2009
  24. 3000 core citations up to the end of 2009
  25. 2980 core citations up to the end of 2009
  26. 2967 core citations up to the end of 2009
  27. 2936 core citations up to the end of 2009
  28. 2935 core citations up to the end of 2009
  29. 2930 core citations up to the end of 2009
  30. 2919 core citations up to the end of 2009
  31. 2628 core citations up to the end of 2009
  32. 2611 core citations up to the end of 2009
  33. 2606 core citations up to the end of 2009
  34. 2562 core citations up to the end of 2009
  35. 2540 core citations up to the end of 2009
  36. 2531 core citations up to the end of 2009
  37. 2519 core citations up to the end of 2009
  38. 2515 core citations up to the end of 2009
  39. 2502 core citations up to the end of 2009