Top Cited Articles of All Time (2011 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2011 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2015-01-08. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2011 editions

41179 core citations up to the end of 2011PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group Collaboration (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 8105 core citations up to the end of 2011
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 19 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  2. 7238 core citations up to the end of 2011
  3. 6495 core citations up to the end of 2011
  4. 5456 core citations up to the end of 2011
  5. 5279 core citations up to the end of 2011
  6. 4812 core citations up to the end of 2011
  7. 4500 core citations up to the end of 2011
  8. 4406 core citations up to the end of 2011
  9. 4365 core citations up to the end of 2011
  10. 4320 core citations up to the end of 2011
  11. 3881 core citations up to the end of 2011
  12. 3854 core citations up to the end of 2011
  13. 3851 core citations up to the end of 2011
  14. 3777 core citations up to the end of 2011
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum-ibid. 46 (1976) 206-206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  15. 3751 core citations up to the end of 2011
  16. 3740 core citations up to the end of 2011
  17. 3704 core citations up to the end of 2011
  18. 3596 core citations up to the end of 2011
  19. 3557 core citations up to the end of 2011
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  20. 3546 core citations up to the end of 2011
  21. 3491 core citations up to the end of 2011
  22. 3374 core citations up to the end of 2011
  23. 3365 core citations up to the end of 2011
  24. 3315 core citations up to the end of 2011
  25. 3282 core citations up to the end of 2011
  26. 3263 core citations up to the end of 2011
  27. 3196 core citations up to the end of 2011
  28. 3154 core citations up to the end of 2011
  29. 3033 core citations up to the end of 2011
  30. 3027 core citations up to the end of 2011
  31. 2925 core citations up to the end of 2011
  32. 2824 core citations up to the end of 2011
  33. 2821 core citations up to the end of 2011
  34. 2796 core citations up to the end of 2011
  35. 2767 core citations up to the end of 2011
  36. 2758 core citations up to the end of 2011
  37. 2750 core citations up to the end of 2011
  38. 2745 core citations up to the end of 2011
  39. 2708 core citations up to the end of 2011