Top Cited Articles of All Time (2012 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2012 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2012 editions

45814 core citations up to the end of 2012PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 9058 core citations up to the end of 2012
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  2. 8113 core citations up to the end of 2012
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  3. 7058 core citations up to the end of 2012
  4. 6068 core citations up to the end of 2012
  5. 5784 core citations up to the end of 2012
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  6. 5322 core citations up to the end of 2012
  7. 4940 core citations up to the end of 2012
  8. 4852 core citations up to the end of 2012
  9. 4754 core citations up to the end of 2012
  10. 4727 core citations up to the end of 2012
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  11. 4285 core citations up to the end of 2012
  12. 4216 core citations up to the end of 2012
  13. 4196 core citations up to the end of 2012
  14. 4171 core citations up to the end of 2012
  15. 4157 core citations up to the end of 2012
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  16. 4129 core citations up to the end of 2012
  17. 4008 core citations up to the end of 2012
  18. 3996 core citations up to the end of 2012
  19. 3985 core citations up to the end of 2012
  20. 3956 core citations up to the end of 2012
  21. 3860 core citations up to the end of 2012
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  22. 3766 core citations up to the end of 2012
  23. 3733 core citations up to the end of 2012
  24. 3670 core citations up to the end of 2012
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  25. 3535 core citations up to the end of 2012
  26. 3518 core citations up to the end of 2012
  27. 3515 core citations up to the end of 2012
  28. 3452 core citations up to the end of 2012
  29. 3389 core citations up to the end of 2012
  30. 3332 core citations up to the end of 2012
  31. 3249 core citations up to the end of 2012
    Computation of the Quantum Effects Due to a Four-Dimensional Pseudoparticle
    Gerard 't Hooft (Harvard U.). Jun 1976. 59 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D14 (1976) 3432-3450, Erratum: Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2199
    PRINT-76-0551 (HARVARD)
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.18.2199.3, 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.3432

  32. 3201 core citations up to the end of 2012
  33. 3106 core citations up to the end of 2012
    Neutrino Mass and Spontaneous Parity Violation
    Rabindra N. Mohapatra (City Coll., N.Y.), Goran Senjanovic (Maryland U.). Nov 1979. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 44 (1980) 912
    MDDP-TR-80-060, MDDP-PP-80-105, CCNY-HEP-79-10
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.44.912

  34. 3086 core citations up to the end of 2012
  35. 3064 core citations up to the end of 2012
  36. 3060 core citations up to the end of 2012
  37. 3055 core citations up to the end of 2012
  38. 3022 core citations up to the end of 2012
  39. 3021 core citations up to the end of 2012