Top Cited Articles of All Time (2012 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2012 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2015-01-08. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2012 editions

44231 core citations up to the end of 2012PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group Collaboration (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 8822 core citations up to the end of 2012
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 19 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  2. 7549 core citations up to the end of 2012
  3. 6785 core citations up to the end of 2012
  4. 5930 core citations up to the end of 2012
  5. 5641 core citations up to the end of 2012
  6. 5213 core citations up to the end of 2012
  7. 4741 core citations up to the end of 2012
  8. 4636 core citations up to the end of 2012
  9. 4580 core citations up to the end of 2012
  10. 4530 core citations up to the end of 2012
  11. 4170 core citations up to the end of 2012
  12. 4093 core citations up to the end of 2012
  13. 4039 core citations up to the end of 2012
  14. 4017 core citations up to the end of 2012
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum-ibid. 46 (1976) 206-206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  15. 3986 core citations up to the end of 2012
  16. 3965 core citations up to the end of 2012
  17. 3885 core citations up to the end of 2012
  18. 3873 core citations up to the end of 2012
  19. 3813 core citations up to the end of 2012
  20. 3750 core citations up to the end of 2012
  21. 3716 core citations up to the end of 2012
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  22. 3668 core citations up to the end of 2012
  23. 3507 core citations up to the end of 2012
  24. 3496 core citations up to the end of 2012
  25. 3406 core citations up to the end of 2012
  26. 3396 core citations up to the end of 2012
  27. 3393 core citations up to the end of 2012
  28. 3333 core citations up to the end of 2012
  29. 3292 core citations up to the end of 2012
  30. 3224 core citations up to the end of 2012
  31. 3093 core citations up to the end of 2012
  32. 3092 core citations up to the end of 2012
  33. 3037 core citations up to the end of 2012
  34. 3032 core citations up to the end of 2012
  35. 2924 core citations up to the end of 2012
  36. 2921 core citations up to the end of 2012
  37. 2906 core citations up to the end of 2012
  38. 2893 core citations up to the end of 2012
  39. 2892 core citations up to the end of 2012