Top Cited Articles of All Time (2012 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2012 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-01-04. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2012 editions

44809 core citations up to the end of 2012PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group Collaboration (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 8935 core citations up to the end of 2012
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 19 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  2. 7743 core citations up to the end of 2012
  3. 6896 core citations up to the end of 2012
  4. 5992 core citations up to the end of 2012
  5. 5701 core citations up to the end of 2012
  6. 5262 core citations up to the end of 2012
  7. 4794 core citations up to the end of 2012
  8. 4749 core citations up to the end of 2012
  9. 4675 core citations up to the end of 2012
  10. 4590 core citations up to the end of 2012
  11. 4225 core citations up to the end of 2012
  12. 4158 core citations up to the end of 2012
  13. 4075 core citations up to the end of 2012
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  14. 4074 core citations up to the end of 2012
  15. 4047 core citations up to the end of 2012
  16. 4003 core citations up to the end of 2012
  17. 3936 core citations up to the end of 2012
  18. 3923 core citations up to the end of 2012
  19. 3869 core citations up to the end of 2012
  20. 3826 core citations up to the end of 2012
  21. 3795 core citations up to the end of 2012
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  22. 3724 core citations up to the end of 2012
  23. 3553 core citations up to the end of 2012
  24. 3527 core citations up to the end of 2012
  25. 3446 core citations up to the end of 2012
  26. 3445 core citations up to the end of 2012
  27. 3420 core citations up to the end of 2012
  28. 3387 core citations up to the end of 2012
  29. 3321 core citations up to the end of 2012
  30. 3267 core citations up to the end of 2012
  31. 3139 core citations up to the end of 2012
  32. 3138 core citations up to the end of 2012
  33. 3070 core citations up to the end of 2012
  34. 3056 core citations up to the end of 2012
  35. 2971 core citations up to the end of 2012
  36. 2968 core citations up to the end of 2012
  37. 2950 core citations up to the end of 2012
  38. 2949 core citations up to the end of 2012
  39. 2947 core citations up to the end of 2012