Top Cited Articles of All Time (2016 edition)

The 40 most highly cited papers of All Time (2016 edition)

Keep in mind that citation counts can never be exact, there is something like a 5% error in most of these numbers. Please do not fret about number 32 versus 33, as this is often not a statistically significant difference. More information about citations in INSPIRE can be found here.

Also note that the counts shown, and used in the rankings, are the counts as of 2016-12-31. Further, the counts shown by the ranking are only the cites satisfying the criteria for that list. Actual citation numbers in the database may change as corrections are made and papers are added, the links will take you to the updated numbers.

Annual and All-time 2016 editions

59417 core citations up to the end of 2016PDG RPP has been unified. The most recent is shown.
Review of Particle Physics
Particle Data Group (K.A. Olive (Minnesota U.) et al.). 2014. 1676 pp.
Published in Chin.Phys. C38 (2014) 090001
DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/38/9/090001

  1. 12105 core citations up to the end of 2016
    The Large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity
    Juan Martin Maldacena (Harvard U.). Nov 1997. 21 pp.
    Published in Int.J.Theor.Phys. 38 (1999) 1113-1133, Adv.Theor.Math.Phys. 2 (1998) 231-252
    HUTP-97-A097, HUTP-98-A097
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026654312961
    e-Print: hep-th/9711200 | PDF

  2. 9281 core citations up to the end of 2016
    A Model of Leptons
    Steven Weinberg (MIT, LNS). Nov 1967. 3 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 19 (1967) 1264-1266
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1264

  3. 8201 core citations up to the end of 2016
  4. 8083 core citations up to the end of 2016
  5. 7960 core citations up to the end of 2016
  6. 7095 core citations up to the end of 2016
    A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). May 1999. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 3370-3373
    MIT-CTP-2860, PUPT-1860, BUHEP-99-9
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3370
    e-Print: hep-ph/9905221 | PDF

  7. 6903 core citations up to the end of 2016
  8. 6790 core citations up to the end of 2016
  9. 6647 core citations up to the end of 2016
  10. 6331 core citations up to the end of 2016
  11. 6124 core citations up to the end of 2016
  12. 6073 core citations up to the end of 2016
  13. 5963 core citations up to the end of 2016
  14. 5673 core citations up to the end of 2016
  15. 5639 core citations up to the end of 2016
  16. 5577 core citations up to the end of 2016
    An Alternative to compactification
    Lisa Randall (Princeton U. & MIT, LNS), Raman Sundrum (Boston U.). Jun 1999. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 4690-4693
    MIT-CTP-2874, PUPT-1867, BUHEP-99-13
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4690
    e-Print: hep-th/9906064 | PDF

  17. 5537 core citations up to the end of 2016
    Particle Creation by Black Holes
    S.W. Hawking (Cambridge U.). Aug 1975. 22 pp.
    Published in Commun.Math.Phys. 43 (1975) 199-220, Erratum: Commun.Math.Phys. 46 (1976) 206
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

  18. 5302 core citations up to the end of 2016
  19. 5042 core citations up to the end of 2016
  20. 5003 core citations up to the end of 2016
  21. 4803 core citations up to the end of 2016
  22. 4681 core citations up to the end of 2016
  23. 4678 core citations up to the end of 2016
  24. 4644 core citations up to the end of 2016
  25. 4607 core citations up to the end of 2016
    Evidence for oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos
    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (Y. Fukuda (Tokyo U., ICRR) et al.). Jul 1998. 9 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 1562-1567
    BU-98-17, ICRR-REPORT-422-98-18, UCI-98-8, KEK-PREPRINT-98-95, LSU-HEPA-5-98, UMD-98-003, SBHEP-98-5, TKU-PAP-98-06, TIT-HPE-98-09
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.1562
    e-Print: hep-ex/9807003 | PDF

  26. 4453 core citations up to the end of 2016
  27. 4446 core citations up to the end of 2016
  28. 4363 core citations up to the end of 2016
  29. 4197 core citations up to the end of 2016
    Confinement of Quarks
    Kenneth G. Wilson (Cornell U., LNS). Feb 1974. 47 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev. D10 (1974) 2445-2459
    CLNS-262
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.10.2445
    Conference: C81-06-01, p.45-59 Proceedings Contributions

  30. 4128 core citations up to the end of 2016
  31. 4119 core citations up to the end of 2016
    Neutrino Mass and Spontaneous Parity Violation
    Rabindra N. Mohapatra (City Coll., N.Y.), Goran Senjanovic (Maryland U.). Nov 1979. 10 pp.
    Published in Phys.Rev.Lett. 44 (1980) 912
    MDDP-TR-80-060, MDDP-PP-80-105, CCNY-HEP-79-10
    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.44.912

  32. 4063 core citations up to the end of 2016
  33. 4061 core citations up to the end of 2016
  34. 4044 core citations up to the end of 2016
  35. 3985 core citations up to the end of 2016
  36. 3968 core citations up to the end of 2016
  37. 3923 core citations up to the end of 2016
  38. 3812 core citations up to the end of 2016
  39. 3772 core citations up to the end of 2016
    Planck 2013 results. XVI. Cosmological parameters
    Planck Collaboration (P.A.R. Ade (Cardiff U.) et al.). Mar 20, 2013. 66 pp.
    Published in Astron.Astrophys. 571 (2014) A16
    CERN-PH-TH-2013-129
    DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201321591
    e-Print: arXiv:1303.5076 [astro-ph.CO] | PDF